Resilience and stuttering

factors that protect people from the adversity of chronic stuttering

Ashley Craig*, Elaine Blumgart, Yvonne Tran

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

40 Citations (Scopus)


Purpose: Chronic disorder can impose a significant negative mental health burden. This research was conducted to explore factors that may protect people from the adversity of chronic stuttering. Method: The study employed a population group cohort design. Participants included 200 adults who have stuttered since childhood, and the sample was divided into those who were classified as resilient and nonresilient on the basis of their global psycho-pathology scores. Protective factor differences between the 2 groups were determined using multivariate analysis of variance and unique contributors to psychopathology were isolated using multiple regression. Results: Factors that significantly distinguished between groups included superior levels of health status, social support, vitality and social functioning, fewer physical limitations, and a greater sense of self-efficacy. Three unique contributors to adaptive outcomes were found: self-efficacy, social support, and healthy social functioning. Conclusions: A number of factors were isolated that potentially protect individuals with chronic stuttering from developing psychopathology. The findings provide a better understanding of how people cope with a chronic fluency disorder.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1485-1496
Number of pages12
JournalJournal of Speech, Language, and Hearing Research
Issue number6
Publication statusPublished - 1 Dec 2011
Externally publishedYes


  • Chronic disorder
  • Distress
  • Psychopathology
  • Resilience
  • Self-efficacy
  • Social support
  • Stuttering

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