When a confined conductive target embedded in a conductive host is energized by an electromagnetic (EM) source, current flow in the target comes from both direct induction of vortex currents and current channeling. At the resistive limit, a modified magnetometric resistivity integral equation method can be used to rapidly model the current channeling component of the response of a thin-plate target energized by an airborne EM transmitter. For towed-bird transmitter–receiver geometries, the airborne EM anomalies of near-surface, weakly conductive features of large strike extent may be almost entirely attributable to current channeling. However, many targets in contact with a conductive host respond both inductively and galvanically to an airborne EM system. In such cases, the total resistive-limit response of the target is complicated and is not the superposition of the purely inductive and purely galvanic resistive-limit profiles. Numerical model experiments demonstrate that while current channeling increases the width of the resistive-limit airborne EM anomaly of a wide horizontal plate target, it does not necessarily increase the peak anomaly amplitude.
|Number of pages||9|
|Publication status||Published - 2002|