Different from the traditional device-to-device (D2D) communication, vehicle-to-everything (V2X) communication is characterized by the high mobility of vehicles, which introduces the fast variations of the channel state information (CSI) such that the accurate CSI is difficult to be obtained. Unlike other previous work which focuses on the perfect CSI, in this article, we investigate the joint power control and resource allocation problem for the D2D-based V2X communication in a more practical case where the CSI is imperfect. We aim at maximizing the sum ergodic capacity of all vehicular user equipments (VUEs) with imperfect CSI under the minimum signal-to-interference-plus-noise-ratio (SINR) requirements of cellular user equipments (CUEs) and the outage probability constraints of VUEs. We derive an approximate closed-form expression of VUE's ergodic capacity based on Jensen's inequality and propose a simple and efficient lower bound-based power control approach to solve the power control problem with low computational complexity. Based on the optimal power allocation results, we further propose an enhanced Gale-Shapley algorithm to solve the spectrum resource allocation problem, which is tailored to the scenario where each VUE can reuse spectrum resources of multiple CUEs but the resource of each CUE can be shared with one VUE at most and the maximum number of reuse CUEs for each VUE is limited by the maximum transmit power of the VUE. The numerical results verify the tightness of the proposed algorithm and demonstrate the proposed algorithm can enhance the sum ergodic capacity of VUEs efficiently and effectively.
- Device-to-device (D2D)-based Vehicle-to-Everything (V2X) communication
- imperfect channel state information (CSI)
- one-to-many matching
- power control
- resource allocation