Resource dynamism of the Rwandan economy: an emergy approach

Evariste Rutebuka, Lixiao Zhang, Ernest Frimpong Asamoah, Mingyue Pang, Emmanuel Rukundo

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

Abstract

Africa is experiencing unprecedented economic growth that requires planners to understand the interactions between the social, economic, and ecological systems to ensure its sustainable development. The present paper uses the emergy method to analyse the Rwandan economy from 1975 to 2016. Emergy-based sustainability indicators were used to analyse and compare two distinct periods of economic growth: the pre- and post-Tutsi genocide periods. The results revealed that, by 2016, the total emergy use had increased by approximately 74% of the emergy recorded in 1975. The increase in total emergy use was associated with an increase in imports with contributions from 6.5 to 46.2% and the renewable resource contribution decrease from 93.5 to 53.8%. The emergy analysis, which covered 41 years, categorises Rwanda as a non-renewable resource-poor country. The total emergy use of the pre-genocide period was significantly lower than the post-genocide period. Based on the 2016 emergy self-support of 54% and the emergy sustainability index of 2.52, Rwanda has the highest import dependence compared to other developing countries listed in this paper and tends toward a developed country like Canada, Portugal, and so on. An imperative decision needs to be made in terms of the management of the economic system of Rwanda, as imports are becoming the highest impetus of the Rwandan economy but are also the top major cause of a long-run sustainability downfall. Thus, the present study recommends a scrutinised selection system of imports by increasing raw materials, particularly non-renewable resources, and by subsequently increasing the internal transformation to be exported. This recommendation is also applicable to other developing countries with similar non-renewable resource statuses.

LanguageEnglish
Article number1791
Pages1-19
Number of pages19
JournalSustainability (Switzerland)
Volume10
Issue number6
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 29 May 2018

Fingerprint

emergy
dynamism
import
Sustainable development
Rwanda
genocide
Economics
economy
sustainability
resource
economic system
Developing countries
resources
nonrenewable resource
economic growth
developing country
renewable resources
ecological system
raw materials
social system

Bibliographical note

Copyright the Author(s) 2018. Version archived for private and non-commercial use with the permission of the author/s and according to publisher conditions. For further rights please contact the publisher.

Keywords

  • Developing countries
  • Economy
  • Emergy
  • Resources
  • Rwanda
  • Sustainability

Cite this

Rutebuka, Evariste ; Zhang, Lixiao ; Asamoah, Ernest Frimpong ; Pang, Mingyue ; Rukundo, Emmanuel. / Resource dynamism of the Rwandan economy : an emergy approach. In: Sustainability (Switzerland). 2018 ; Vol. 10, No. 6. pp. 1-19.
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Resource dynamism of the Rwandan economy : an emergy approach. / Rutebuka, Evariste; Zhang, Lixiao; Asamoah, Ernest Frimpong; Pang, Mingyue; Rukundo, Emmanuel.

In: Sustainability (Switzerland), Vol. 10, No. 6, 1791, 29.05.2018, p. 1-19.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

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