Responses of community to the possible use of recycled water for washing machines: A case study in Sydney, Australia

Thi Thu Nga Pham, Huu Hao Ngo, Wenshan Guo, Ho Phuong Dung Dang, Bandita Mainali, Archie Johnston, Andrzej Listowski

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

39 Citations (Scopus)


Recycled water is a valuable resource that has potential to free up potable water supplies and recharge systems while improving the environment. Recycled water for washing machine could be one of the options as new end use of recycled water to alleviate the demand on existing and limited water supplies. This paper summarizes the findings of a research survey in Sydney, Australia to explore the attitudes and opinions of community towards the use of recycled water for different purposes, especially for the washing machine. The survey showed that 97% of the respondents were aware of the persisting water shortage problem while more than 60% of the respondents supported the use of recycled water for washing clothes. This paper exposes the basic concern of participants for using recycled water in washing machine. Health issue was found as the most concerns of the community. The survey also presents the further conditions to be considered for using recycled water for washing machine according to the participants' opinions. Correlation between knowledge and attitudes of respondents was also found in this survey.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)535-540
Number of pages6
JournalResources, Conservation and Recycling
Issue number5
Publication statusPublished - 3 Mar 2011
Externally publishedYes


  • Attitude
  • Community
  • Correlation
  • Recycled water
  • Survey
  • Washing machines


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