Responses of soil bacterial communities to invasive Australian Acacia species over large spatial scales

Jan Hendrik Keet*, Allan G. Ellis, Cang Hui, Johannes J. Le Roux

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapterpeer-review

Abstract

The impacts of invasive plants on soil bacterial communities are less well understood than are their impacts on the above-ground components of the communities they invade. This is surprising given the important roles that below-ground communities play in ecosystem functioning. An example is South Africa's Cape fynbos, a global biodiversity hotspot which is highly fragmented and threatened. We use next-generation sequencing data to investigate how invasive Australian Acacia species ('wattles') impact broad-scale composition and turnover of soil bacterial communities. Our comparisons of bacterial communities across different fynbos habitats, in both wattle-invaded and uninvaded (pristine) soils, and sampled across multiple seasons, found invasion to signifcantly change the composition and turnover of these communities. Differences in soil bacterial communities between invaded and pristine soils were primarily driven by differences in soil pH and NH4as well as seasonality. Finally, we found that the presence of invasive wattles reduces the spatial structure of bacterial community composition in fynbos soil by weakening the pattern of distance decay of compositional similarity in pristine soil communities. Consequently, restoration efforts of wattle-invaded and degraded fynbos habitats should account for the important functional links between below- and above-ground terrestrial ecosystems, especially altered bacterial communities.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationWattles
Subtitle of host publicationAustralian Acacia Species Around the World
EditorsDavid M. Richardson, Johannes J. Le Roux, Elizabete Marchante
Place of PublicationWallingford
PublisherCABI International
Chapter24
Pages382-398
Number of pages17
ISBN (Electronic)9781800622180
ISBN (Print)9781800622173
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2023

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