Background: To assess the accuracy of rest and treadmill exercise first-pass radionuclide ventriculographic measurements of left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF), 40 patients underwent treadmill exercise first-pass and bicycle exercise equilibrium radionuclide ventriculography. To determine the frequency of technically adequate treadmill exercise first-pass studies, an additional 128 consecutive patients undergoing treadmill exercise first-pass procedures during stress99mTc-labeled sestamibi myocardial perfusion studies were assessed. Methods and Results: The treadmill exercise first-pass procedure used a multicrystal camera and an241Am point source to allow for correction of patient motion. Excellent correlations were observed between resting first-pass and resting equilibrium LVEF (r=0.91; standard error of the estimate=5.6). A high correlation was also observed between treadmill exercise first-pass and bicycle equilibrium exercise LVEF measurements (r=0.85, standard error of the estimate=7.6). Treadmill first-pass LVEF systematically underestimated the bicycle equilibrium LVEF. Intraobserver agreement for rest and exercise first-pass LVEF was high (r values of 0.98 and 0.94, respectively). Of the 168 consecutive treadmill exercise first-pass studies evaluated for technical adequacy, 21 (12.5%) were deemed technically inadequate, with most of the sources of error being avoidable. The frequency of technically adequate studies was as high (87%) in high levels of exercise (Bruce stages 3 and 4) as in lower levels (88%). The findings of this study validate the first-pass treadmill exercise LVEF measurement. Conclusion: This procedure now provides the option for combining the information of peak treadmill exercise LVEF with measurements of exercise myocardial perfusion from the same injection of radioactivity.
- first-pass radionuclide ventriculography
- left ventricular ejection fraction
- myocardial function
- myocardial perfusion
- Technetium 99m-labeled sestamibi