Restoring perceived control with aggression: why, how and who?

Wayne A. Warburton, Doris J. F. McIlwain, David R. Cairns, Alan J. Taylor

Research output: Contribution to conferenceAbstractResearch

Abstract

From early experiments using uncontrollable noise through to modern research on domestic violence, there is evidence that aggressive behaviour, for some people, may restore a sense of being in control of one’s world. There is however, little research that examines the mechanisms underlying this effect. We hypothesized that control aggression effects may be underpinned by deeply rooted beliefs that aggressive responses are a valid and effective way to restore a sense of situational control. For some individuals such beliefs may come to constitute ‘control aggression schemas’ that are automatically activated during a perceived loss of situational control, and which impel the holder to respond with aggression. After devising a scale to test such beliefs, we gave 80 participants control or no control over an aversive noise and then measured aggression using the hot sauce paradigm of Lieberman et al (1999). In line with previous findings,the group who had the control loss trigger were significantly more aggressive than the group with no control loss trigger. When there was a control loss trigger however, higher control aggression schema scores strongly predicted greater aggression. Conversely, when there was no control loss trigger, control aggression schemas did not predict aggression at all. In a second study, high levels of control aggression schemas were held by those with a high exposure to violent media, high levels of other maladaptive schemas, and a variety of personality traits including narcissism, Machiavellianism, psychopathy, and shame. A third study found that certain maladaptive parenting styles, particularly from the mother, predicted a predisposition to hold such beliefs. Overall these findings suggest there is a substantial cognitive component to control aggression effects, and that certain personality traits and childhood experiences may predispose an individual to respond to a control loss situation with aggression.

Conference

ConferenceWorld Meeting of the International Society for Research on Aggression (17th : 2006)
CityMinneapolis, MN
Period25/07/0629/07/06

Fingerprint

aggression
personality traits
Machiavellianism
narcissism
parenting style
aggressive behavior
shame
domestic violence
Group
childhood

Cite this

Warburton, W. A., McIlwain, D. J. F., Cairns, D. R., & Taylor, A. J. (2006). Restoring perceived control with aggression: why, how and who?. Abstract from World Meeting of the International Society for Research on Aggression (17th : 2006), Minneapolis, MN, .
Warburton, Wayne A. ; McIlwain, Doris J. F. ; Cairns, David R. ; Taylor, Alan J. / Restoring perceived control with aggression : why, how and who?. Abstract from World Meeting of the International Society for Research on Aggression (17th : 2006), Minneapolis, MN, .1 p.
@conference{44c2595f8ab842a3a36c90f180d91e00,
title = "Restoring perceived control with aggression: why, how and who?",
abstract = "From early experiments using uncontrollable noise through to modern research on domestic violence, there is evidence that aggressive behaviour, for some people, may restore a sense of being in control of one’s world. There is however, little research that examines the mechanisms underlying this effect. We hypothesized that control aggression effects may be underpinned by deeply rooted beliefs that aggressive responses are a valid and effective way to restore a sense of situational control. For some individuals such beliefs may come to constitute ‘control aggression schemas’ that are automatically activated during a perceived loss of situational control, and which impel the holder to respond with aggression. After devising a scale to test such beliefs, we gave 80 participants control or no control over an aversive noise and then measured aggression using the hot sauce paradigm of Lieberman et al (1999). In line with previous findings,the group who had the control loss trigger were significantly more aggressive than the group with no control loss trigger. When there was a control loss trigger however, higher control aggression schema scores strongly predicted greater aggression. Conversely, when there was no control loss trigger, control aggression schemas did not predict aggression at all. In a second study, high levels of control aggression schemas were held by those with a high exposure to violent media, high levels of other maladaptive schemas, and a variety of personality traits including narcissism, Machiavellianism, psychopathy, and shame. A third study found that certain maladaptive parenting styles, particularly from the mother, predicted a predisposition to hold such beliefs. Overall these findings suggest there is a substantial cognitive component to control aggression effects, and that certain personality traits and childhood experiences may predispose an individual to respond to a control loss situation with aggression.",
author = "Warburton, {Wayne A.} and McIlwain, {Doris J. F.} and Cairns, {David R.} and Taylor, {Alan J.}",
year = "2006",
language = "English",
note = "World Meeting of the International Society for Research on Aggression (17th : 2006) ; Conference date: 25-07-2006 Through 29-07-2006",

}

Warburton, WA, McIlwain, DJF, Cairns, DR & Taylor, AJ 2006, 'Restoring perceived control with aggression: why, how and who?' World Meeting of the International Society for Research on Aggression (17th : 2006), Minneapolis, MN, 25/07/06 - 29/07/06, .

Restoring perceived control with aggression : why, how and who? / Warburton, Wayne A.; McIlwain, Doris J. F.; Cairns, David R.; Taylor, Alan J.

2006. Abstract from World Meeting of the International Society for Research on Aggression (17th : 2006), Minneapolis, MN, .

Research output: Contribution to conferenceAbstractResearch

TY - CONF

T1 - Restoring perceived control with aggression

T2 - why, how and who?

AU - Warburton, Wayne A.

AU - McIlwain, Doris J. F.

AU - Cairns, David R.

AU - Taylor, Alan J.

PY - 2006

Y1 - 2006

N2 - From early experiments using uncontrollable noise through to modern research on domestic violence, there is evidence that aggressive behaviour, for some people, may restore a sense of being in control of one’s world. There is however, little research that examines the mechanisms underlying this effect. We hypothesized that control aggression effects may be underpinned by deeply rooted beliefs that aggressive responses are a valid and effective way to restore a sense of situational control. For some individuals such beliefs may come to constitute ‘control aggression schemas’ that are automatically activated during a perceived loss of situational control, and which impel the holder to respond with aggression. After devising a scale to test such beliefs, we gave 80 participants control or no control over an aversive noise and then measured aggression using the hot sauce paradigm of Lieberman et al (1999). In line with previous findings,the group who had the control loss trigger were significantly more aggressive than the group with no control loss trigger. When there was a control loss trigger however, higher control aggression schema scores strongly predicted greater aggression. Conversely, when there was no control loss trigger, control aggression schemas did not predict aggression at all. In a second study, high levels of control aggression schemas were held by those with a high exposure to violent media, high levels of other maladaptive schemas, and a variety of personality traits including narcissism, Machiavellianism, psychopathy, and shame. A third study found that certain maladaptive parenting styles, particularly from the mother, predicted a predisposition to hold such beliefs. Overall these findings suggest there is a substantial cognitive component to control aggression effects, and that certain personality traits and childhood experiences may predispose an individual to respond to a control loss situation with aggression.

AB - From early experiments using uncontrollable noise through to modern research on domestic violence, there is evidence that aggressive behaviour, for some people, may restore a sense of being in control of one’s world. There is however, little research that examines the mechanisms underlying this effect. We hypothesized that control aggression effects may be underpinned by deeply rooted beliefs that aggressive responses are a valid and effective way to restore a sense of situational control. For some individuals such beliefs may come to constitute ‘control aggression schemas’ that are automatically activated during a perceived loss of situational control, and which impel the holder to respond with aggression. After devising a scale to test such beliefs, we gave 80 participants control or no control over an aversive noise and then measured aggression using the hot sauce paradigm of Lieberman et al (1999). In line with previous findings,the group who had the control loss trigger were significantly more aggressive than the group with no control loss trigger. When there was a control loss trigger however, higher control aggression schema scores strongly predicted greater aggression. Conversely, when there was no control loss trigger, control aggression schemas did not predict aggression at all. In a second study, high levels of control aggression schemas were held by those with a high exposure to violent media, high levels of other maladaptive schemas, and a variety of personality traits including narcissism, Machiavellianism, psychopathy, and shame. A third study found that certain maladaptive parenting styles, particularly from the mother, predicted a predisposition to hold such beliefs. Overall these findings suggest there is a substantial cognitive component to control aggression effects, and that certain personality traits and childhood experiences may predispose an individual to respond to a control loss situation with aggression.

M3 - Abstract

ER -

Warburton WA, McIlwain DJF, Cairns DR, Taylor AJ. Restoring perceived control with aggression: why, how and who?. 2006. Abstract from World Meeting of the International Society for Research on Aggression (17th : 2006), Minneapolis, MN, .