Restoring Responsibility: Promoting Justice, Therapy and Reform Through Direct Brain Interventions

Nicole A. Vincent

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

21 Citations (Scopus)
44 Downloads (Pure)


Direct brain intervention based mental capacity restoration techniques-for instance, psycho-active drugs-are sometimes used in criminal cases to promote the aims of justice. For instance, they might be used to restore a person's competence to stand trial in order to assess the degree of their responsibility for what they did, or to restore their competence for punishment so that we can hold them responsible for it. Some also suggest that such interventions might be used for therapy or reform in criminal legal contexts-i.e. to make non-responsible and irresponsible people more responsible. However, I argue that such interventions may at least sometimes fail to promote these responsibility-related legal aims. This is because responsibility hinges on other factors than just what mental capacities a person has-in particular, it also hinges on such things as authenticity, personal identity, and mental capacity ownership-and some ways of restoring mental capacity may adversely affect these other factors. Put one way, my claim is that what might suffice for the restoration of competence need not necessarily suffice for the restoration of responsibility, or, put another way, that although responsibility indeed tracks mental capacity it may not always track restored mental capacities.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)21-42
Number of pages22
JournalCriminal Law and Philosophy
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - Jan 2014

Bibliographical note

Copyright the Author(s) 2012. Version archived for private and non-commercial use with the permission of the author/s and according to publisher conditions. For further rights please contact the publisher.


  • Capacitarianism
  • Charactarianism
  • Competence for punishment
  • Competence for release
  • Competence for trial
  • Direct brain intervention
  • Justice
  • Mental capacity restoration
  • Reform
  • Responsibility
  • Therapy


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