Results of autopsy 7 months after successful endoluminal treatment of an infrarenal abdominal aortic aneurysm

T. J. McGahan*, G. A. Berry, S. L. McGahan, G. H. White, W. Yu, J. May

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

21 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

PURPOSE: To report the results of a postmortem examination in a patient who died of unrelated causes 7 months following endoluminal treatment of an infrarenal abdominal aortic aneurysm (AAA). METHODS: As part of an FDA Phase I pilot study, a 73-year-old man underwent successful endoluminal exclusion of an infrarenal AAA using a 9-cm-long endograft (Endovascular Grafting System). Seven months later, he succumbed to complications of a spontaneous esophageal rupture. At autopsy, the aorta was dissected in situ by a vascular surgeon and pathologist before being explanted in order to examine the wound healing characteristics at the aorta-endograft interface. Particular attention was also directed to the hooks composing the attachment system at each end of the endograft. RESULTS: Macroscopic and microscopic examination revealed that the graft had completely excluded the aneurysm sac from the circulation and was incorporated into the aortic wall at the proximal neck and distal cuff. A smooth pannus of endothelial cells covered the proximal end of the endograft at the areas of contact with the aorta, while microscopic examination of the distal end of the graft revealed poorly formed, fibrinous pannus. The neointima deep to the endothelium consisted of a collagenous matrix containing myofibroblasts and histiocytes, providing evidence of healing between the endograft and aorta. Both renal arteries were clear of the proximal end of the endograft, but a previously unrecognized right lower pole renal artery with an extremely caudal origin was excluded from the aortic lumen. Each hook of the attachment system was seen protruding through the adventitia of the aorta. There was no evidence of trauma to the aortic wall or the surrounding tissues caused by these hooks. CONCLUSION: There appears to be evidence that an endoluminally placed aortic graft may be incorporated by the host aortic tissue.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)348-355
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of Endovascular Surgery
Volume2
Issue number4
Publication statusPublished - Nov 1995
Externally publishedYes

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