Resumptive pronouns as a last resort when movement is impaired: relative clauses in hearing impairment

Naama Friedmann*, Rama Novogrodsky, Ronit Szterman, Omer Preminger

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapterpeer-review

Abstract

This study tested 14 school-age orally-trained children with hearing impairment who have a deficit in A-bar movement, manifested in an impaired comprehension of object relatives and topicalization structures. When they produce a grammatical object relative clause, they typically produce it with a resumptive pronoun, unlike their age-matched controls, who tend to produce object relatives with a gap. They also produce resumptive pronouns where only a gap is licit, in the highest embedded subject position in subject relatives. We interpret these results as supporting the claim that resumptive pronouns are a last resort when movement is blocked, not only because of islands in intact syntax, but also due to impairment. The participants also doubled the relative head in both subject- and object-relatives, producing ungrammatical sentences. The bearing of these errors on the copy theory of movement is discussed.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationCurrent issues in generative Hebrew linguistics
EditorsSharon Armon-Lotem, Gabi Danon, Susan D. Rothstein
Place of PublicationAmsterdam
PublisherJohn Benjamins Publishing Company
Pages267-290
Number of pages24
ISBN (Electronic)9789027289650
ISBN (Print)9789027255174
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2008
Externally publishedYes

Publication series

NameLinguistik aktuell/linguistics today
PublisherJohn Benjamins Publishing Company
Volume134
ISSN (Print)0166-0829

Keywords

  • AGRAMMATIC COMPREHENSION
  • DEAF STUDENTS
  • LANGUAGE
  • CHILDREN
  • HEBREW
  • ACQUISITION
  • HYPOTHESIS
  • PERCEPTION
  • SENTENCES
  • SPEECH

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