Compact, asymmetric\symmetric-slotted\slit-microstrip patch antennas on reactive impedance surface (RIS) are proposed and studied for circularly polarized (CP) radiation. The antennas consist of a slotted-slit-microstrip patch on a RIS substrate. The CP radiation with compact size is achieved by asymmetric\symmetric-slot-slit cut along the orthogonal\diagonal directions of the patch radiator. The asymmetric\symmetric-slotted\slit microstrip patches on the RIS structure are used for further miniaturization of the antenna with improvement in CP radiation. The measured results of the compact asymmetric-cross slotted square patch antenna are 1.6% (2.51-2.55 GHz) for 3-dB axial ratio bandwidth, 5.2% (2.47-2.60 GHz) for 10-dB return loss bandwidth, and 3.41 dBic for gain over 3-dB axial ratio bandwidth. The overall antenna volume is 0.292λo× 0.292λo× 0.0308λo on a low cost FR4 substrate at 2.5 GHz.
- Circular polarization
- microstrip antenna
- reactive impedance surface (RIS)
- slotted\slit patch