Risk assessment and control of emissions from ironmaking

Tao Kan, Tim Evans, Vladimir Strezov*, Peter F. Nelson

*Corresponding author for this work

    Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter


    Processing of raw materials to valuable products results in the formation of undesired compounds due to feedstock impurities and process inefficiencies. During the iron and steelmaking process, iron ore is converted to iron and steel at high temperatures using carbon energy sources. As the iron ore and carbon sources contain minor and trace element impurities and the combustion of carbon is incomplete, certain undesirable compounds may be formed that can be detrimental if emitted to the environment. These emissions can pose significant risks to humans and to the health of the ecosystem. This chapter outlines the various emissions associated with ironmaking, the risks these emissions pose to the environment and the technologies employed to minimise or eradicate the pollutants.

    Original languageEnglish
    Title of host publicationIronmaking and steelmaking processes
    Subtitle of host publicationgreenhouse emissions, control, and reduction
    EditorsPasquale Cavaliere
    Place of PublicationSwitzerland
    PublisherSpringer, Springer Nature
    Number of pages19
    ISBN (Electronic)9783319395296
    ISBN (Print)9783319395272
    Publication statusPublished - 2016



    • emissions
    • ironmaking
    • sintering
    • pelletising
    • cokemaking
    • blast furnaces
    • pollution abatement
    • risk assessment

    Cite this

    Kan, T., Evans, T., Strezov, V., & Nelson, P. F. (2016). Risk assessment and control of emissions from ironmaking. In P. Cavaliere (Ed.), Ironmaking and steelmaking processes: greenhouse emissions, control, and reduction (pp. 321-339). Switzerland: Springer, Springer Nature. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-39529-6_19