Robot-assisted radical cystectomy with intracorporeal urinary diversion: Impact on an established enhanced recovery protocol

Anthony Koupparis*, Christian Villeda-Sandoval, Nicola Weale, Motaz El-Mahdy, David Gillatt, Edward Rowe

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

55 Citations (Scopus)


Objectives To assess the impact of the introduction of robot-assisted radical cystectomy (RARC) on an established enhanced recovery programme (ERP) and to examine the effect on mortality and morbidity rates, transfusion rates, and length of stay (LOS). Patients and Methods Data on 102 consecutive patients undergoing RARC with full intracorporeal reconstruction were obtained from our prospectively updated institutional database. These data were compared to previously published retrospective results from three separate groups of patients undergoing open radical cystectomy (ORC) at our centre. Our primary focus was perioperative outcomes including transfusion rate, complication rates, 30- and 90-day mortality rates, and LOS. Results The demographics of the comparative groups showed no significant difference in age, gender distribution, and American Society of Anesthesiologists grade. A significant reduction in transfusion rate was seen in RARC vs ORC (P < 0.001). The median LOS for the RARC group was 8 vs 13 days for the ORC group (P < 0.001). There was trend to a lower total complication rate (48% vs 31%). The 30- and 90-day mortality rates were equivalent between the groups (2%). Conclusions Introduction of RARC and intracorporeal reconstruction represents the single biggest impact on our ERP, with significant reduction in transfusion rates and LOS, and a trend towards a lower complication rate.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)924-931
Number of pages8
JournalBJU international
Issue number6
Publication statusPublished - 1 Dec 2015
Externally publishedYes


  • bladder cancer
  • enhanced recovery
  • robot-assisted radical cystectomy


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