Robust numeric set watermarking: Numbers don't lie

Gaurav Gupta*, Josef Pieprzyk, Mohan Kankanhalli

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference proceeding contributionpeer-review

1 Citation (Scopus)


Ever since Cox et. al published their paper, "A Secure, Robust Watermark for Multimedia" in 1996 [6], there has been tremendous progress in multimedia watermarking. The same pattern re-emerged with Agrawal and Kiernan publishing their work "Watermarking Relational Databases" in 2001 [1]. However, little attention has been given to primitive data collections with only a handful works of research known to the authors [11,10]. This is primarily due to the absence of an attribute that differentiates marked items from unmarked item during insertion and detection process. This paper presents a distribution-independent, watermarking model that is secure against secondary-watermarking in addition to conventional attacks such as data addition, deletion and distortion. The low false positives and high capacity provide additional strength to the scheme. These claims are backed by experimental results provided in the paper.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicatione-Business and Telecommunications - 6th International Joint Conference, ICETE 2009, Revised Selected Papers
EditorsMohammad S. Obaidat, Joaquim Filipe
Place of PublicationHeidelberg
PublisherSpringer, Springer Nature
Number of pages13
Volume130 CCIS
ISBN (Print)9783642200762
Publication statusPublished - 2011
Event6th International Joint Conference on e-Business and Telecommunications, ICETE 2009 - Milan, Italy
Duration: 7 Jul 200910 Jul 2009

Publication series

NameCommunications in Computer and Information Science
Volume130 CCIS
ISSN (Print)18650929


Other6th International Joint Conference on e-Business and Telecommunications, ICETE 2009


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