N-Glycans in glycoprotein can be liberated either from glycoproteins or from their glycopeptides with glycoamidases. The latter approach is preferable, because it requires a smaller amount of the enzyme, and yields N-glycans in excellent yields. Moreover it alleviates the necessity of removing from the reaction mixture the detergents needed to denature the glycoproteins. On the other hand, this approach necessitates removal of interfering peptidic materials, because some of the peptide peaks often overlap with the peaks of carbohydrate chains in high-performance anion-exchange chromatography (HPAEC). These peptidic materials also hinder labeling of N-glycans by reductive amination. We have tried to remove the interfering peptidic materials by several different methods - octadecyl (C18) silica cartridge, cation-exchange resin column, and graphitized carbon cartridge. Unfortunately, none of these could completely remove the interfering peptidic materials. Therefore, we resorted to modify the amino groups of the peptidic materials with sodium 2,4,6-trinitro-benzene-1-sulfonate (TNBS) to render them more hydrophobic, so that they can be retained more strongly on the C18 or graphitized carbon cartridges. In the model study presented here, we were able to obtain N-glycans for HPAEC analyses without any interfering materials by a combination of TNBS reaction and graphitized carbon treatment.
- Derivatization, LC
- Graphitized carbon
- Sodium trinitrobenzenesulfonate