Sample rate conversion using B-spline interpolation for OFDM based software defined radios

Xiaojing Huang, Y. Jay Guo, Jian Zhang

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

24 Citations (Scopus)


This paper proposes arbitrary ratio sample rate conversion (SRC) architectures and a simpler B-spline interpolation algorithm for orthogonal frequency division multiplexing (OFDM) based software defined radios (SDRs) with multiband and multi-channel capabilities. Different from conventional standalone digital front-end designs for SDRs, the proposed SRC architectures combine the B-spline interpolation with OFDM modulation and equalization for OFDM transmitter and receiver respectively. With this combined design, the passband droop introduced by the B-spline interpolation can be more efficiently compensated using frequency-domain pre-distortion, instead of conventional time-domain pre-filtering, and hence an overall system complexity reduction is achieved. A novel multi-period B-spline interpolation and re-sampling structure is then constructed, and an interpolation algorithm with lower implementation complexity than that of the conventional Farrow structure is further developed. The SRC performance is also analysed by deriving the signal-to-peak distortion ratio formulas which can be used as design tools for determining the required orders of B-splines in the OFDM transmitter and receiver respectively. Finally, SRC examples used in a high-speed multiband multi-channel microwave backhaul system are given and compared with conventional polyphase filterbank interpolation to demonstrate the practicality and performance of the proposed SRC architectures and interpolation algorithm.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2113-2122
Number of pages10
JournalIEEE Transactions on Communications
Issue number8
Publication statusPublished - 2012
Externally publishedYes


  • and OFDM
  • B-spline interpolation
  • sample rate conversion
  • Software defined radio


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