SAXS/WAXS studies of the devitrification of Cr-doped cordierite glass using synchrotron radiation

M. Oversluizen, W. Bras, G. N. Greaves*, S. M. Clark, J. M. Thomas, G. Sankar, B. Tiley

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

15 Citations (Scopus)


In situ simultaneous Small Angle X-ray Scattering (SAXS) and Wide Angle X-ray Scattering (WAXS) experiments have been carried out on Cr-doped cordierite (Mg2Al4Si5O18) glass. Samples were initially pre-treated at 875°C close to the glass transition to promote nucleation and this was followed by further treatments at 920°C and 1040°C to generate dispersed crystal growth. The initial treatment revealed no changes in the SAXS or the WAXS data, but the subsequent treatments at higher temperatures revealed large changes in microcrystallinity developing with time. In particular taking the SAXS data for q < 0.05 A ̊-1 the average Guinier radius, Rg, was found to increase with heat treatment from initial values of ∼ 10 Å to final values of ∼ 30 Å. I(q) versus q-n plots (for q ≥ 1 Rg) revealed increasing values of n indicative of changes in mesostructure from rough to smooth fractal architecture. From the WAXS data that was obtained concurrently two separate crystalline phases were identified during devitrification-spinel (MgAl2O4) and a stuffed quartz (MgxAl2xSi1-xO2(1 + x))-each growing at different rates. The growth of spinel correlates well with the SAXS invariant, reflecting the major contrast in electron density between this phase and that of the residual glass. For the heat treatment conditions employed, WAXS reveals that the stuffed quartz phase appears later than the spinel phase and also grows less rapidly. For prolonged annealing, a SAXS feature develops at ∼ 0.022 Å-1, corresponding to an average interparticle distance of ∼ 280 Å. This is considerably longer than the statistical separation of Cr atoms in the glass (14 Å) and suggests some clustering of Cr takes place as devitrfication progresses.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)184-189
Number of pages6
JournalNuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research, Section B: Beam Interactions with Materials and Atoms
Issue number1-4
Publication statusPublished - 2 May 1995
Externally publishedYes


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