Scientific procedures and rationales for systematic literature reviews (SPAR-4-SLR)

Justin Paul, Weng Marc Lim*, Aron O’Cass, Andy Wei Hao, Stefano Bresciani

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

571 Citations (Scopus)


Many guiding articles on literature reviews exist, but few have delivered an authoritative protocol that researchers can rely upon with clarity and confidence. To commemorate the inaugural annual special issue on systematic literature reviews in the International Journal of Consumer Studies, the editors have pooled their expertize and experience of authoring, editing, and reviewing literature reviews to develop a rigorous review protocol—that is, the Scientific Procedures and Rationales for Systematic Literature Reviews (SPAR-4-SLR) protocol—that researchers can rely upon to guide and justify decisions in systematic literature reviews. Using an interrogative approach, the editors begin with a discussion of the “what,” “why,” “when,” “where,” “who,” and “how” of systematic literature reviews. The editors conclude with systematic literature review exemplars in the inaugural special issue.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)O1-O16
Number of pages16
JournalInternational Journal of Consumer Studies
Issue number4
Early online date15 Apr 2021
Publication statusPublished - Jul 2021

Bibliographical note

Correction added on 17 July 2021: This article was originally mistakenly omitted from the July special issue of International Journal of Consumer Studies, issue 45:4, first published online on 25 June 2021; the article has now been included correctly in this issue.


  • procedure
  • protocol
  • rational
  • scientific
  • SPAR-4-SLR
  • systematic literature review


Dive into the research topics of 'Scientific procedures and rationales for systematic literature reviews (SPAR-4-SLR)'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this