Screening foodstuffs for class 1 integrons and gene cassettes

Liette S. Waldron, Michael R. Gillings*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

4 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Antibiotic resistance is one of the greatest threats to health in the 21st century. Acquisition of resistance genes via lateral gene transfer is a major factor in the spread of diverse resistance mechanisms. Amongst the DNA elements facilitating lateral transfer, the class 1 integrons have largely been responsible for spreading antibiotic resistance determinants amongst Gram negative pathogens. In total, these integrons have acquired and disseminated over 130 different antibiotic resistance genes. With continued antibiotic use, class 1 integrons have become ubiquitous in commensals and pathogens of humans and their domesticated animals. As a consequence, they can now be found in all human waste streams, where they continue to acquire new genes, and have the potential to cycle back into humans via the food chain. This protocol details a streamlined approach for detecting class 1 integrons and their associated resistance gene cassettes in foodstuffs, using culturing and PCR. Using this protocol, researchers should be able to: collect and prepare samples to make enriched cultures and screen for class 1 integrons; isolate single bacterial colonies to identify integron-positive isolates; identify bacterial species that contain class 1 integrons; and characterize these integrons and their associated gene cassettes.

Original languageEnglish
Article numbere52889
Pages (from-to)1-7
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of Visualized Experiments
Issue number100
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 19 Jun 2015

Keywords

  • Environmental Sciences
  • Issue 100
  • integron
  • lateral gene transfer
  • epidemiology
  • resistome
  • antibiotic resistance
  • pollution
  • xenogenetic

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