Sea level at -175 m off the great barrier reef 13,600 to 17,000 year ago

H. H. Veeh, J. J. Veevers

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

Abstract

THE shelf around Australia, like many other continental shelves 1, has its edge chiefly2-5 at depths of 120 to 130 m and is marked locally by terraces and notches, which register low stands of the sea during the Quaternary. From radiometric dates of shallow water fossils recovered from terraces in different parts of the world the lowest eustatic level of the sea during the past 35,000 yr is estimated to be -130 m, 16,000 yr ago 6. More recent information, principally from Australian waters, suggests that the sea level may have stood much lower during this period. Dill7 and Conolly4 found submerged terraces with shallow water fossils and sediments between depths of 175 to 238 m in 39 of 78 narrow beamed echo sounder profiles made all around Australia. The continuity and consistent depth of the terraces indicate that there has been little tectonic warping of the continental margin since the terraces were formed. Similar features are reported off southern and Baja California7, and a shallow water mollusc from a deep terrace off Baja California has a radiocarbon date of 14,380±190 yr BP. Another record of shallow water fossils of similar age and depth relates to the south-eastern Caribbean Sea8, where fragments of algae and hermatypical corals at a depth of 157 m (Station index 1,203) have radiocarbon dates of 13,590±270 and 13,800±330 yr BP, and algae at 187 m (Station index 1,202) a date of 14,220±350 yr BP. These organisms did not necessarily live at sea level6 but, being reef dwellers, probably indicate shallow water. To date, the evidence from Australia is only morphological. Here we describe the occurrence and radiometric dates of two shallow water specimens collected in situ from deep terraces off the Great Barrier Reef during descents by J. J. V. in the Japanese research submersible Yomiuri in February 1969.

LanguageEnglish
Pages536-537
Number of pages2
JournalNature
Volume226
Issue number5245
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1970

Fingerprint

barrier reef
terrace
sea level
shallow water
fossil
alga
echo sounder
submersible
mollusc
continental margin
continental shelf
coral
reef
tectonics
sediment
sea

Cite this

Veeh, H. H. ; Veevers, J. J. / Sea level at -175 m off the great barrier reef 13,600 to 17,000 year ago. In: Nature. 1970 ; Vol. 226, No. 5245. pp. 536-537.
@article{063ba8523d0941f28757041f16fab7d3,
title = "Sea level at -175 m off the great barrier reef 13,600 to 17,000 year ago",
abstract = "THE shelf around Australia, like many other continental shelves 1, has its edge chiefly2-5 at depths of 120 to 130 m and is marked locally by terraces and notches, which register low stands of the sea during the Quaternary. From radiometric dates of shallow water fossils recovered from terraces in different parts of the world the lowest eustatic level of the sea during the past 35,000 yr is estimated to be -130 m, 16,000 yr ago 6. More recent information, principally from Australian waters, suggests that the sea level may have stood much lower during this period. Dill7 and Conolly4 found submerged terraces with shallow water fossils and sediments between depths of 175 to 238 m in 39 of 78 narrow beamed echo sounder profiles made all around Australia. The continuity and consistent depth of the terraces indicate that there has been little tectonic warping of the continental margin since the terraces were formed. Similar features are reported off southern and Baja California7, and a shallow water mollusc from a deep terrace off Baja California has a radiocarbon date of 14,380±190 yr BP. Another record of shallow water fossils of similar age and depth relates to the south-eastern Caribbean Sea8, where fragments of algae and hermatypical corals at a depth of 157 m (Station index 1,203) have radiocarbon dates of 13,590±270 and 13,800±330 yr BP, and algae at 187 m (Station index 1,202) a date of 14,220±350 yr BP. These organisms did not necessarily live at sea level6 but, being reef dwellers, probably indicate shallow water. To date, the evidence from Australia is only morphological. Here we describe the occurrence and radiometric dates of two shallow water specimens collected in situ from deep terraces off the Great Barrier Reef during descents by J. J. V. in the Japanese research submersible Yomiuri in February 1969.",
author = "Veeh, {H. H.} and Veevers, {J. J.}",
year = "1970",
doi = "10.1038/226536b0",
language = "English",
volume = "226",
pages = "536--537",
journal = "Nature",
issn = "1476-4687",
publisher = "Nature Publishing Groups",
number = "5245",

}

Sea level at -175 m off the great barrier reef 13,600 to 17,000 year ago. / Veeh, H. H.; Veevers, J. J.

In: Nature, Vol. 226, No. 5245, 1970, p. 536-537.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

TY - JOUR

T1 - Sea level at -175 m off the great barrier reef 13,600 to 17,000 year ago

AU - Veeh, H. H.

AU - Veevers, J. J.

PY - 1970

Y1 - 1970

N2 - THE shelf around Australia, like many other continental shelves 1, has its edge chiefly2-5 at depths of 120 to 130 m and is marked locally by terraces and notches, which register low stands of the sea during the Quaternary. From radiometric dates of shallow water fossils recovered from terraces in different parts of the world the lowest eustatic level of the sea during the past 35,000 yr is estimated to be -130 m, 16,000 yr ago 6. More recent information, principally from Australian waters, suggests that the sea level may have stood much lower during this period. Dill7 and Conolly4 found submerged terraces with shallow water fossils and sediments between depths of 175 to 238 m in 39 of 78 narrow beamed echo sounder profiles made all around Australia. The continuity and consistent depth of the terraces indicate that there has been little tectonic warping of the continental margin since the terraces were formed. Similar features are reported off southern and Baja California7, and a shallow water mollusc from a deep terrace off Baja California has a radiocarbon date of 14,380±190 yr BP. Another record of shallow water fossils of similar age and depth relates to the south-eastern Caribbean Sea8, where fragments of algae and hermatypical corals at a depth of 157 m (Station index 1,203) have radiocarbon dates of 13,590±270 and 13,800±330 yr BP, and algae at 187 m (Station index 1,202) a date of 14,220±350 yr BP. These organisms did not necessarily live at sea level6 but, being reef dwellers, probably indicate shallow water. To date, the evidence from Australia is only morphological. Here we describe the occurrence and radiometric dates of two shallow water specimens collected in situ from deep terraces off the Great Barrier Reef during descents by J. J. V. in the Japanese research submersible Yomiuri in February 1969.

AB - THE shelf around Australia, like many other continental shelves 1, has its edge chiefly2-5 at depths of 120 to 130 m and is marked locally by terraces and notches, which register low stands of the sea during the Quaternary. From radiometric dates of shallow water fossils recovered from terraces in different parts of the world the lowest eustatic level of the sea during the past 35,000 yr is estimated to be -130 m, 16,000 yr ago 6. More recent information, principally from Australian waters, suggests that the sea level may have stood much lower during this period. Dill7 and Conolly4 found submerged terraces with shallow water fossils and sediments between depths of 175 to 238 m in 39 of 78 narrow beamed echo sounder profiles made all around Australia. The continuity and consistent depth of the terraces indicate that there has been little tectonic warping of the continental margin since the terraces were formed. Similar features are reported off southern and Baja California7, and a shallow water mollusc from a deep terrace off Baja California has a radiocarbon date of 14,380±190 yr BP. Another record of shallow water fossils of similar age and depth relates to the south-eastern Caribbean Sea8, where fragments of algae and hermatypical corals at a depth of 157 m (Station index 1,203) have radiocarbon dates of 13,590±270 and 13,800±330 yr BP, and algae at 187 m (Station index 1,202) a date of 14,220±350 yr BP. These organisms did not necessarily live at sea level6 but, being reef dwellers, probably indicate shallow water. To date, the evidence from Australia is only morphological. Here we describe the occurrence and radiometric dates of two shallow water specimens collected in situ from deep terraces off the Great Barrier Reef during descents by J. J. V. in the Japanese research submersible Yomiuri in February 1969.

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=0001339921&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1038/226536b0

DO - 10.1038/226536b0

M3 - Article

VL - 226

SP - 536

EP - 537

JO - Nature

T2 - Nature

JF - Nature

SN - 1476-4687

IS - 5245

ER -