Seabirds and plastics don't mix: examining the differences in marine plastic ingestion in wedge-tailed shearwater chicks at near-shore and offshore locations

Krista M. Verlis, Marnie L. Campbell, Scott P. Wilson

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

Abstract

Plastic ingestion by wedge-tailed shearwaters (WTS) nesting at near-shore and offshore sites along the east coast of Australia were investigated. Ingestion rates were at 20% in near-shore lavaged WTS, where the beaches were significantly more polluted, compared to 8% in birds at offshore sites. The material and colour of recovered plastics at offshore sites differed significantly between beach surveys and that ingested by seabirds in the same area. This pattern was not evident near-shore. Hence, in near-shore environments birds may feed locally and are influenced by nearby plastics, compared to birds offshore. The origins of marine debris between near-shore and offshore beaches differed; with land-based sources unsurprisingly having more influence on near-shore sites. The findings of this study indicate the need for localised data to address and manage this pollutant, with nesting seabirds at greater risk in near-shore environments. A preliminary modified ecological quality objective for WTS is presented.

LanguageEnglish
Pages852-861
Number of pages10
JournalMarine Pollution Bulletin
Volume135
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Oct 2018

Fingerprint

Birds
Beaches
seabird
seabirds
beaches
nearshore environment
beach
plastics
plastic
chicks
ingestion
Plastics
bird
birds
ingestion rate
Debris
Coastal zones
pollutants
Color
coasts

Keywords

  • Australia
  • Great Barrier Reef
  • Litter
  • Marine debris
  • Marine park
  • Procellariiform

Cite this

@article{39682fc63948430ba49942e08cc8e8f9,
title = "Seabirds and plastics don't mix: examining the differences in marine plastic ingestion in wedge-tailed shearwater chicks at near-shore and offshore locations",
abstract = "Plastic ingestion by wedge-tailed shearwaters (WTS) nesting at near-shore and offshore sites along the east coast of Australia were investigated. Ingestion rates were at 20{\%} in near-shore lavaged WTS, where the beaches were significantly more polluted, compared to 8{\%} in birds at offshore sites. The material and colour of recovered plastics at offshore sites differed significantly between beach surveys and that ingested by seabirds in the same area. This pattern was not evident near-shore. Hence, in near-shore environments birds may feed locally and are influenced by nearby plastics, compared to birds offshore. The origins of marine debris between near-shore and offshore beaches differed; with land-based sources unsurprisingly having more influence on near-shore sites. The findings of this study indicate the need for localised data to address and manage this pollutant, with nesting seabirds at greater risk in near-shore environments. A preliminary modified ecological quality objective for WTS is presented.",
keywords = "Australia, Great Barrier Reef, Litter, Marine debris, Marine park, Procellariiform",
author = "Verlis, {Krista M.} and Campbell, {Marnie L.} and Wilson, {Scott P.}",
year = "2018",
month = "10",
doi = "10.1016/j.marpolbul.2018.08.016",
language = "English",
volume = "135",
pages = "852--861",
journal = "Marine Pollution Bulletin",
issn = "0025-326X",
publisher = "Elsevier",

}

Seabirds and plastics don't mix : examining the differences in marine plastic ingestion in wedge-tailed shearwater chicks at near-shore and offshore locations. / Verlis, Krista M.; Campbell, Marnie L.; Wilson, Scott P.

In: Marine Pollution Bulletin, Vol. 135, 10.2018, p. 852-861.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

TY - JOUR

T1 - Seabirds and plastics don't mix

T2 - Marine Pollution Bulletin

AU - Verlis,Krista M.

AU - Campbell,Marnie L.

AU - Wilson,Scott P.

PY - 2018/10

Y1 - 2018/10

N2 - Plastic ingestion by wedge-tailed shearwaters (WTS) nesting at near-shore and offshore sites along the east coast of Australia were investigated. Ingestion rates were at 20% in near-shore lavaged WTS, where the beaches were significantly more polluted, compared to 8% in birds at offshore sites. The material and colour of recovered plastics at offshore sites differed significantly between beach surveys and that ingested by seabirds in the same area. This pattern was not evident near-shore. Hence, in near-shore environments birds may feed locally and are influenced by nearby plastics, compared to birds offshore. The origins of marine debris between near-shore and offshore beaches differed; with land-based sources unsurprisingly having more influence on near-shore sites. The findings of this study indicate the need for localised data to address and manage this pollutant, with nesting seabirds at greater risk in near-shore environments. A preliminary modified ecological quality objective for WTS is presented.

AB - Plastic ingestion by wedge-tailed shearwaters (WTS) nesting at near-shore and offshore sites along the east coast of Australia were investigated. Ingestion rates were at 20% in near-shore lavaged WTS, where the beaches were significantly more polluted, compared to 8% in birds at offshore sites. The material and colour of recovered plastics at offshore sites differed significantly between beach surveys and that ingested by seabirds in the same area. This pattern was not evident near-shore. Hence, in near-shore environments birds may feed locally and are influenced by nearby plastics, compared to birds offshore. The origins of marine debris between near-shore and offshore beaches differed; with land-based sources unsurprisingly having more influence on near-shore sites. The findings of this study indicate the need for localised data to address and manage this pollutant, with nesting seabirds at greater risk in near-shore environments. A preliminary modified ecological quality objective for WTS is presented.

KW - Australia

KW - Great Barrier Reef

KW - Litter

KW - Marine debris

KW - Marine park

KW - Procellariiform

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=85051366881&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1016/j.marpolbul.2018.08.016

DO - 10.1016/j.marpolbul.2018.08.016

M3 - Article

VL - 135

SP - 852

EP - 861

JO - Marine Pollution Bulletin

JF - Marine Pollution Bulletin

SN - 0025-326X

ER -