Seasonal responses of xylem sap velocity to VPD and solar radiation during drought in a stand of native trees in temperate Australia

Melanie J B Zeppel*, Brad R. Murray, Craig Barton, Derek Eamus

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

77 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Xylem sap velocity of two dominant tree species, Eucalyptus crebra F. Muell. and Callitris glaucophylla J. Thompson & L.A.S. Johnson, in a native remnant forest of eastern Australia was measured in winter and summer during a prolonged (> 12 months) and extensive drought. The influence of vapour pressure deficit (VPD) and solar radiation levels on the velocity of sap was determined. Pronounced hysteresis in sap velocity was observed in both species as a function of VPD and solar radiation. However, the rotation of the hysteresis curve was clockwise for the response of sap velocity to VPD but anti-clockwise in the response of sap velocity to radiation levels. A possible reason for this difference is discussed. The degree of hysteresis (area bounded by the curve) was larger for the VPD response than the response to solar radiation and also varied with season. A simple linear model was able to predict sap velocity from knowledge of VPD and solar radiation in winter and summer. The consistent presence of hysteresis in the response to sap velocity to VPD and solar radiation suggests that large temporal and spatial models of vegetation water use may require some provision for the different responses of sap velocity, and hence water use, to VPD and solar radiation, between morning and afternoon and between seasons.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)461-470
Number of pages10
JournalFunctional Plant Biology
Volume31
Issue number5
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2004
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Drought
  • Eucalyptus
  • Hysteresis
  • Sap velocity
  • Vapour pressure deficit

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