SecDF as part of the sec-translocase facilitates efficient secretion of Bacillus cereus toxins and cell wall-associated proteins

Aniko Vörös, Roger Simm, Leyla Slamti, Matthew J. McKay, Ida K. Hegna, Christina Nielsen-LeRoux, Karl A. Hassan, Ian T. Paulsen, Didier Lereclus, Ole Andreas Okstad, Mark P. Molloy, Anne Brit Kolstø

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11 Citations (Scopus)
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Abstract

The aim of this study was to explore the role of SecDF in protein secretion in Bacillus cereus ATCC 14579 by in-depth characterization of a markerless secDF knock out mutant. Deletion of secDF resulted in pleiotropic effects characterized by a moderately slower growth rate, aberrant cell morphology, enhanced susceptibility to xenobiotics, reduced virulence and motility. Most toxins, including food poisoning-associated enterotoxins Nhe, Hbl, and cytotoxin K, as well as phospholipase C were less abundant in the secretome of the ΔsecDF mutant as determined by label-free mass spectrometry. Global transcriptome studies revealed profound transcriptional changes upon deletion of secDF indicating cell envelope stress. Interestingly, the addition of glucose enhanced the described phenotypes. This study shows that SecDF is an important part of the Sec-translocase mediating efficient secretion of virulence factors in the Gram-positive opportunistic pathogen B. cereus, and further supports the notion that B. cereus enterotoxins are secreted by the Sec-system.

Original languageEnglish
Article numbere103326
Pages (from-to)1-17
Number of pages17
JournalPLoS ONE
Volume9
Issue number8
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Aug 2014

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