Second language development: extending, elaborating and refining English speech

Howard Nicholas, Gillian Wigglesworth

    Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapterpeer-review


    In this chapter we analyse the spoken English produced by the learners in the English elicitation interviews and attempt to delineate the progress they made as they moved through their language program, in an effort to identify similarities and differences across both individuals with different language backgrounds and those with similar language backgrounds. Given that we have only a small sample of learners from each of these backgrounds we make no claim to being able to generalise our findings; rather we attempt to identify the factors that may impact upon the different rates or dimensions of progress of the learners over the period of the study. Our overall argument is twofold. Firstly, over the course of the observations, the learners gain confidence in their ability to speak English and more frequently produce longer and more elaborated turns. However, secondly, there is no necessary implications of the increased readiness to use English for the learners' accuracy in English. The path of language development that we can chart is, therefore, anything but consistenly incremental.
    Original languageEnglish
    Title of host publicationThe Kaleidoscope of adult second language learning
    Subtitle of host publicationlearner, teacher and researcher perspectives
    EditorsGillian Wigglesworth
    Place of PublicationSydney, Australia
    PublisherNational Centre for English Teaching and Research
    ISBN (Print)1864088567
    Publication statusPublished - 2003

    Publication series

    NameResearch collection (Macquarie University, National Centre for English Language Teaching and Research)
    PublisherNational Centre for English Teaching and Research

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