Secret channel training to enhance physical layer security with a full-duplex receiver

Shihao Yan, Xiangyun Zhou, Nan Yang, Thushara D. Abhayapala, A. Lee Swindlehurst

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

37 Citations (Scopus)


This paper proposes a new channel training (CT) scheme for a full-duplex receiver to enhance physical layer security. Equipped with N B full-duplex antennas, the receiver simultaneously receives the information signal and transmits artificial noise (AN). In order to reduce the non-cancellable self-interference due to the transmitted AN, the receiver has to estimate the self-interference channel prior to the data communication phase. In the proposed CT scheme, the receiver transmits a limited number of pilot symbols that are known only to itself. Such a secret CT scheme prevents an eavesdropper from estimating the jamming channel from the receiver to the eavesdropper, hence effectively degrading the eavesdropping capability. We analytically examine the connection probability (i.e., the probability of the data being successfully decoded by the receiver) of the legitimate channel and the secrecy outage probability due to eavesdropping for the proposed secret CT scheme. Based on our analysis, the optimal power allocation between CT and data/AN transmission at the legitimate transmitter/receiver is determined. Our examination shows that the newly proposed secret CT scheme significantly outperforms the non-secret CT scheme that uses publicly known pilots when the number of antennas at the eavesdropper is larger than one.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2788-2800
Number of pages13
JournalIEEE Transactions on Information Forensics and Security
Issue number11
Publication statusPublished - Nov 2018


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