Self-Disorders in Individuals with Autistic Traits

Contribution of Reduced Autobiographical Reasoning Capacities

Fabrice Berna*, Anja S. Göritz, Johanna Schröder, Romain Coutelle, Jean Marie Danion, Christine V. Cuervo-Lombard, Steffen Moritz

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

12 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The present web-based study (N = 840) aimed to illuminate the cognitive mechanisms underlying self-disorders in autism. Initially, participants selected three self-defining memories. Then, we assessed their capacity to give meaning to these events (i.e., meaning making), their tendency to scrutinize autobiographical memory to better understand themselves (i.e., self-continuity function of autobiographical memory) and their clarity of self-concept. The results showed that individuals with high autistic traits (ATs) had a lower clarity of self-concept than control participants. Meaning making was also reduced in AT individuals and mediated the relation between AT and self-concept clarity. Our results suggest that the reduced clarity of self-concept in AT individuals is related to an impaired capacity to make meaning of important past life events.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2587-2598
Number of pages12
JournalJournal of Autism and Developmental Disorders
Volume46
Issue number8
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Aug 2016
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Autism
  • Autobiographical memory
  • Autobiographical reasoning
  • Self

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    Berna, F., Göritz, A. S., Schröder, J., Coutelle, R., Danion, J. M., Cuervo-Lombard, C. V., & Moritz, S. (2016). Self-Disorders in Individuals with Autistic Traits: Contribution of Reduced Autobiographical Reasoning Capacities. Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 46(8), 2587-2598. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10803-016-2797-2