Self-initiation and temporal cueing of monaural tones reduce the auditory N1 and P2

Paul F. Sowman*, Anni Kuusik, Blake W. Johnson

*Corresponding author for this work

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

    49 Citations (Scopus)


    Event-related potentials (ERPs) to tones that are self-initiated are reduced in their magnitude in comparison with ERPs to tones that are externally generated. This phenomenon has been taken as evidence for an efference copy of the motor command acting to suppress the sensory response. However, self-initiation provides a strong temporal cue for the stimulus which might also contribute to the ERP suppression for self-initiated tones. The current experiment sought to investigate the suppression of monaural tones by temporal cueing and also whether the addition of self-initiation enhanced this suppression. Lastly, the experiment sought to investigate the lateralisation of the ERP suppression via presenting these monaural tones to each ear respectively. We examined source waveforms extracted from the lateralised auditory cortices and measured the modulation of the N1 and P2 components by cueing and self-initiation. Self-initiation significantly reduced the amplitude of the N1 component. Temporal cueing without self-initiation significantly reduced the P2 component. There were no significant differences in the amplitude of either the N1 or the P2 between self-initiation and temporal cuing. There was a significant lateralisation effect on the N1it being significantly larger contralateral to the ear of stimulation. There was no interaction between lateralisation and side of the temporal cue or side of self-initiation suggesting that the effects of self-initiation and temporal cuing are equal bilaterally. We conclude that a significant proportion of ERP suppression by self-initiation is a result of inherent temporal cueing.

    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)149-157
    Number of pages9
    JournalExperimental Brain Research
    Issue number1-2
    Publication statusPublished - Oct 2012


    • event-related potentials
    • monaural tones
    • temporal cuing
    • self-initiation
    • efference copy


    Dive into the research topics of 'Self-initiation and temporal cueing of monaural tones reduce the auditory N1 and P2'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

    Cite this