The study of catchment drainage networks and river channel delineation using Digital Elevation Models (DEMs) has been the focus of many studies, both domestically and internationally. However, little attention has been given to the mapping of complex reticulate channel networks that characterise many low-gradient floodplain wetlands in the drylands of Australia, and elsewhere around the world. This ongoing pilot study has identified and mapped the drainage network present in the Macquarie Marshes, New South Wales, to better understand the channel hierarchy, patterns of flow dispersal, channel morphology and connectivity within this system. Several different tools commonly used to derive drainage networks using DEMs in Geographical Information System (GIS) software packages, such as ArcGIS, GRASS GIS and SAGA GIS, were applied to a high-resolution DEM of the Macquarie Marshes derived from Light Detection and Ranging (LiDAR) data obtained by the NSW Office of Environment and Heritage. The outputs were compared to determine which method offered the most accurate channel network and provided the most efficient technique for further morphometric and pattern analyses. It was found that methods that did not require DEM-filling prior to flow direction and accumulation modelling and that took multiple flow directions into account offered the most accurate channel networks in this system and were more computationally efficient.
|Title of host publication||WIDS2017 Dynamic Landscapes|
|Subtitle of host publication||proceedings of the Wetlands in Drylands Research Network Conference|
|Editors||Timothy J. Ralph|
|Place of Publication||Sydney, Australia|
|Number of pages||2|
|Publication status||Published - 24 Jul 2017|
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Wetlands in Drylands: conservation through environmental research, citizen science and global engagement
Tim Ralph (Participant)
Impact: Science impacts, Environment impacts, Policy impacts, Society impacts