Sensitivity of biogenic isoprene emissions to past, present, and future environmental conditions and implications for atmospheric chemistry

F. Pacifico*, G. A. Folberth, C. D. Jones, S. P. Harrison, W. J. Collins

*Corresponding author for this work

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    Abstract

    We have implemented a process-based isoprene emission model in the HadGEM2 Earth-system model with coupled atmospheric chemistry in order to examine the feedback between isoprene emission and climate. Isoprene emissions and their impact on atmospheric chemistry and climate are estimated for preindustrial (1860-1869), present-day (2000-2009), and future (2100-2109) climate conditions. The estimate of 460 TgC/yr for present-day global total isoprene emission is consistent with previous estimates. Preindustrial isoprene emissions are estimated to be 26% higher than present-day. Future isoprene emissions using the RCP8.5 scenario are similar to present-day because increased emissions resulting from climate warming are countered by CO2 inhibition of isoprene emissions. The impact of biogenic isoprene emissions on the global O3 burden and CH4 lifetime is small but locally significant, and the impact of changes in isoprene emissions on atmospheric chemistry depends strongly on the state of climate and chemistry.

    Original languageEnglish
    Article numberD22302
    Pages (from-to)1-13
    Number of pages13
    JournalJournal of Geophysical Research
    Volume117
    Issue number22
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - 27 Nov 2012

    Bibliographical note

    Copyright 2012 by the American Geophysical Union. Originally published as Pacifico, F., G. A. Folberth, C. D. Jones, S. P. Harrison, and W. J. Collins (2012), Sensitivity of biogenic isoprene emissions to past, present, and future environmental conditions and implications for atmospheric chemistry, J. Geophys. Res., 117, D22302, doi:10.1029/2012JD018276. Version archived for private and non-commercial use with the permission of the author/s and according to publisher conditions. For further rights please contact the publisher.

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