Two genes, xynB and xynC, coding for xylanases were isolated from Thermotoga maritima FjSS3B.1 by a genomic-walking-PCR technique. Sequencing of the genes showed that they encode multidomain family 10 xylanases. Only XynB exhibited activity against xylan substrates. The temperature optimum (87°C) and pH optimum (pH 6.5) of XynB are different from the previously reported xylanase, XynA (also a family 10 enzyme), from this organism. The catalytic domain expressed without other domains has a lower temperature optimum, is less thermostable, and has optimal activity at pH 6.5. Despite having a high level of sequence similarity to xynB, xynC appears to be nonfunctional since its encoded protein did not show significant activity on xylan substrates.