A robust method has been developed that allows analysis of both N- and O-linked oligosaccharides released from glycoproteins separated using 2D-PAGE and then electroblotted to PVDF membrane. This analysis provides efficient oligosaccharide profiling applicable to glycoproteomic analysis. The method involves the enzymatic release of N-linked oligosaccharides using PNGase F followed by the chemical release of O-linked oligosaccharides using reductive β-elimination and analysis using LCESI-MS. Oligosaccharides from the major plasma glycoproteins with a p/between 4 and 7 were characterized from the glycoforms of haptoglobin, α2 -HS-glycoprotein, serotransferrin, α1-antitrypsin, and α1-antichymotrypsin. It was shown that the separation of protein glycoforms evident in 2D-PAGE is partially due to the combined sialylation of the O-linked and N-linked oligosaccharides. Bi-, tri- and tetra-antennary N-linked structures, which had differing levels of sialylation and fucosylation, were found to be present on the glycoproteins analyzed, together with O-linked oligosaccharides such as mono-, and disialylated T-antigen and a disialylated core type 2 hexasaccharide. In addition, N-linked site-specific information was obtained by MALDI-MS analysis using tryptic digestion after PNGase F release of the oligosaccharides.
- PNGase F