The authors studied 24 patients with a Glasgow Coma Scale score of 14 or 15 and normal computerized tomography scans after minor head injury. The study protocol included obtaining serial measurements of S-100 protein in serum during the first 12 hours after injury and early magnetic resonance (MR) imaging. Four patients (17%) had detectable levels of S-protein in serum. The S-100 protein levels were highest immediately after trauma, declining hour. In two patients, MR imaging revealed intracranial contusion. Levels of S-100 protein were not detectable in serum in one patient with MR- verified cerebral contusion, but the first measurements were made late, 6 hours after trauma. The highest serum level of S-100 protein (0.9 μg/L) was seen in a 73-year-old man 2 hours after injury. Magnetic resonance imaging revealed a contusion of the left cerebral hemisphere, and the patient suffered permanent sequelae of impaired posture and dizziness.
|Number of pages||4|
|Journal||Journal of Neurosurgery|
|Publication status||Published - Nov 1996|
- computerized tomography
- head injury
- magnetic resonance imaging
- S-100 protein