Seven years of preoperative BTA abdominal wall preparation and the Macquarie system for surgical management of complex ventral hernia

A. Jacombs, K. Elstner, O. Rodriguez-Acevedo, J. W. Read, K. Ho-Shon, M. Wehrhahn, K. Salazar, N. Ibrahim*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

6 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Purpose: To assess 7-year outcomes after complex ventral hernia (CVH) repair using pre-operative Botulinum toxin A (BTA) injection and the Macquarie System of management. Methods: Clinical examination and functional non-contrast abdominal CT scans were used to assess complications and recurrences encountered in a prospective series of 88 consecutive CVH repairs using pre-operative BTA injection (200 or 300 units) between November 2012 and December 2019. Pre-operative progressive pneumoperitoneum (PPP) and/or component separation (CS) were also used in some cases. Results: All hernia defects (mean transverse width 12.9 ± 5.2 cm) were successfully closed using either laparoscopic or laparoscopic-assisted open techniques facilitated by pre-operative BTA injection. The mean pre-operative post-BTA lateral oblique length gain was 4.7 ± 2.2 cm/side (p < 0.001). In 43 patients with defects < 12 cm wide, closure was achieved using BTA-only in 33 (76.7%), BTA + PPP in 2 (4.7%), BTA + CS in 5 (11.6%) and BTA + PPP + CS in 3 (7.0%). In the remaining 45 patients with defects ≥ 12 cm wide, closure was achieved using BTA-only in 9 (20.0%), BTA + PPP in 11 (24.4%), BTA + CS in 5 (11.1%) and BTA + PPP + CS in 20 (44.4%). There was a significant correlation between increasing defect size and the need for 2 or more CVH closure procedures (χ2 = 25.28, p < 0.0005). There were no BTA complications. Two patients developed midline hernia recurrences. Conclusion: Pre-operative BTA injection of the abdominal wall is a safe procedure that facilitates hernia defect closure and reduces the need for CS, especially when defect size is less than 12 cm. BTA may also decrease the rate of hernia recurrence.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)109-121
Number of pages13
JournalHernia
Volume26
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Feb 2022

Keywords

  • Abdominal wall reconstruction
  • Botulinum toxin A
  • Complex ventral hernia
  • Laparoscopy
  • Preoperative management
  • Recurrence

Fingerprint

Dive into the research topics of 'Seven years of preoperative BTA abdominal wall preparation and the Macquarie system for surgical management of complex ventral hernia'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this