Sex differences in injury severity and outcome measures after traumatic brain injury

Shameran Slewa-Younan*, Alisa M. Green, Ian J. Baguley, Joe A. Gurka, Jeno E. Marosszeky

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

59 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Slewa-Younan S, Green AM, Baguley IJ, Gurka JA, Marosszeky JE. Sex differences in injury severity and outcome measures after traumatic brain injury. Arch Phys Med Rehabil 2004;85:376-9. Objective To investigate the effect of a patient's sex on various measures of injury severity and outcome after rehabilitation in a matched sample of patients with traumatic brain injury (TBI). Design Retrospective data were retrieved from a database that contains information routinely collected on all patients admitted for inpatient rehabilitation. Setting Inpatient rehabilitation unit of major teaching hospital in Australia. Participants Fifty-four women with TBI after a motor vehicle crash (MVC) were identified from the Brain Injury Rehabilitation Database. An equal number of men were then matched for age and years of education. All subjects met the study admission criteria of having being involved in a high-speed MVC. Exclusion criteria included history of a previous head injury, chronic amnesia, psychiatric disturbance, and significant alcohol and/or substance abuse. Interventions Not applicable. Main outcome measures Differences, by sex, in patient scores on measures of injury severity and outcome after TBI. Results Men had significantly greater levels of injury severity as indicated by the Glasgow Coma Scale scores (U=994.0, P=.002) and length of posttraumatic amnesia (U=880.0, P=.016) when compared with women. No significant sex differences existed in the outcome measures or in injuries not associated with the central nervous system. Conclusions Few investigations exist on the effect of patient sex on measures of injury severity and outcome after a TBI. In the present study, men's levels of injury severity were greater than women's despite the same admission criteria (high-speed MVC) being applied to both sexes.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)376-379
Number of pages4
JournalArchives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation
Volume85
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Mar 2004
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Brain injuries
  • Rehabilitation
  • Sex differences
  • Treatment outcome

Fingerprint Dive into the research topics of 'Sex differences in injury severity and outcome measures after traumatic brain injury'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this