Shame, Internalized Homonegativity, and Religiosity

A Comparison of the Stigmatization Associated with Minority Stress with Gay Men in Australia and Malaysia

Jac Brown*, Wah Yun Low, Raymond Tai, Wen Ting Tong

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

9 Citations (Scopus)


In this study we explore aspects of minority stress by comparing Malaysian (n = 234) and Australian (n = 123) gay men on internalized homonegativity (IH) and internalized shame (IS) in a 2 × 2 multivariate analysis (country × relationship status). Religious motivation (RM) was also included as a variable because of the importance of religion in Malaysia as compared to Australia. Malaysian gay men scored higher on IH, IS, and RM. Single men reported higher levels of IS than did those in relationships. These results are discussed in terms of the minority stress model (Meyer, 2003).

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)28-36
Number of pages9
JournalInternational Journal of Sexual Health
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 2 Jan 2016


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