Shock treatment in a cohort of Scandinavian intensive care units in 2014

M. Kollind*, F. Wickbom, E. Wilkman, M. S C Snäckestrand, A. Holmén, A. Oldner, A. Perner, A. Åneman, M. S. Chew

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

3 Citations (Scopus)


Background: Shock is common in intensive care units, and treatment includes fluids, vasopressor and/or inotropic drugs, guided by hemodynamic monitoring. The aim of this study was to identify current practice for treatment of shock in Scandinavian intensive care units. Methods: Seven-day inception cohort study in 43 intensive care units in Scandinavia. Patients ≥ 15 years old receiving more than 4 h of cardiovascular acting drug infusion were included. The use of fluids, vasopressor and inotropic drugs, type of monitoring, and target values were recorded. Results: One hundred and seventy-one patients were included. At inclusion, 136/168 (81%) had received vasopressor and/or inotropic drug therapy for less than 24 h, and 143/171 (84%) had received volume loading before the onset of vasoactive drug treatment. Ringer's solution was given to 129/143 (90%) of patients and starches in 3/143 (2%) patients. Noradrenaline was the most commonly used cardiovascular acting drug, given in 168/171 (98%) of cases while dopamine was rarely used. Mean arterial pressure was considered the most important variable for hemodynamic monitoring. Invasive arterial blood pressure was monitored in 166/171 (97%) of patients, arterial pulse wave analysis in 11/171 (7%), and echocardiography in 50/171 (29%). Conclusion: In this survey, Ringer's solution and noradrenaline were the most common first-line treatments in shock. The use of starches and dopamine were rare. Almost all patients were monitored with invasive arterial blood pressure, but comprehensive hemodynamic monitoring was used only in a minority of patients.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)945-957
Number of pages13
JournalActa Anaesthesiologica Scandinavica
Issue number7
Publication statusPublished - 1 Aug 2016
Externally publishedYes


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