Short-term Memory and Working Memory in Mental Retardation

Christopher Jarrold*, Jon Brock

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapterpeer-review

4 Citations (Scopus)


This chapter provides an overview of the range of working memory impairments associated with learning disability, and the possible consequences of such deficits. In doing so, it raises a number of questions, notably: Are there aspects of short-term or working memory that are particularly vulnerable to mental retardation? Are there any syndrome-specific patterns of working memory impairments? And, how might these relate to educational outcomes and other aspects of cognitive and linguistic development? To properly interpret findings from studies involving individuals with mental retardation, the chapter begins by raising a number of general methodological points about the assessment of working memory, and by emphasizing the theoretical distinction between working memory and short-term memory.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationThe Oxford Handbook of Intellectual Disability and Development
EditorsJacob A Burack, Robert M. Hodapp, Grace Iarocci, Edward Zigler
Place of PublicationNew York
PublisherOxford University Press
Number of pages16
ISBN (Electronic)9780199940448
ISBN (Print)9780195305012
Publication statusPublished - 2012


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