Significance of ancient sulfide PGE and Re-Os signatures in the mantle beneath Calatrava, Central Spain

José María González-Jiménez, Carlos Villaseca, William L. Griffin, Suzanne Y. O'Reilly, Elena Belousova, Eumenio Ancochea, Norman J. Pearson

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

35 Citations (Scopus)


Spinel lherzolite and wehrlite xenoliths from the Cenozoic Calatrava volcanic field carry the geochemical imprint of metasomatic agents that have affected the subcontinental lithospheric mantle beneath Central Iberia. Some xenoliths (mainly wehrlites) were enriched in REE, Sr, P, and CO2 by silicic-carbonate-rich metasomatic melts/fluids, while others record the effects of subduction-related hydrous silicate fluids that have precipitated amphibole and induced high Ti/Eu in primary clinopyroxene. The petrographic observations and geochemical data suggest that interstitial glass in the xenoliths represent the quenched products of Si-rich melts that infiltrated the mantle peridotite shortly before the entrainment of the xenoliths in the host magmas that erupted ca 2 million years ago. During their infiltration, the metasomatic melts reacted with peridotite, resulting in silica enrichment, while remobilizing grains of iron-rich monosulfide solid solution (Fe-rich Mss) initially enclosed in, or intergranular to, primary olivine and pyroxenes. In situ laser ablation inductively coupled plasma-mass spectrometry analysis of single sulfide grains reveals that the Fe-rich Mss in glass shows platinum-group element (PGE) patterns and 187Os/188Os compositions identical to the Fe-rich Mss occurring as inclusions in, or at grain boundaries of primary silicates. Moreover, independent of its microstructural position, Fe-rich Mss exhibits PGE and 187Os/188Os signatures typical of Mss either residual after partial melting or crystallized directly from sulfide melts. Our findings reveal that young metasomatic melt(s)/fluid(s) may carry remobilized sulfides with PGE and Os-isotopic signatures identical to those of texturally older sulfides in the peridotite xenolith. These sulfides thus still provide useful information about the timing and nature of older magmatic events in the subcontinental mantle.

Original languageEnglish
Article number1047
Pages (from-to)1-24
Number of pages24
JournalContributions to Mineralogy and Petrology
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - Aug 2014


  • Lithospheric mantle
  • Mantle melts
  • Mantle metasomatism
  • Mantle sulfides
  • Mantle xenoliths
  • PGE and Re-Os signatures
  • Spain lithosphere


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