Sir John Pedder: first Chief Justice of Tasmania, 1824-1854

J. M. Bennett

Research output: Book/ReportBookpeer-review


John Pedder, a shy, ascetic, "gentlemanly" personality, was appointed first Chief Justice of Tasmania in 1823. Even he was surprised; he had been only three years in practice. Probably, his loyalty to the Church of England appealed to the Colonial Office. The new Chief Justice was shocked by the cost of living in the convict colony of Van Diemen's Land, the reduced state of society, and the harshness of the dominant penal system. He was acutely conscious of the finality of the death penalty and publicly protested theill-treatment of Tasmanian Aborigines. In his very first trial, the first held in any Australian Supreme Court, a white man was convicted of the manslaughter of an Aboriginal. Pedder was, Sir Guy Green states in his foreword, "a competent and enlightened trial judge" whose work had a great impact on the everyday life of the colony. He was less successful when confronted by the novel and extremely difficult questions of public law which arose as the rule of law was established and challenged in the small and remote colony. As an Executive Councillor, he was notorious for diffident and ambivalent opinions. Other criticism, that he was a hectoring bully in court, that he "ducked and delayed decisions" in the civil jurisdiction, is shown to be false. His 30 years on the Bench were remarkable for his industry and conscientiousness.
Original languageEnglish
Place of PublicationAnnandale, Australia
PublisherFederation Press
ISBN (Print)9781862874824
Publication statusPublished - 2003

Publication series

NameLives of the Australian Chief Justices
PublisherFederation Press

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