Site-specific effects of apelin-13 in the rat medulla oblongata on arterial pressure and respiration

Maryam Seyedabadi, Ann K. Goodchild, Paul M. Pilowsky*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

76 Citations (Scopus)


Apelin peptides are now known to be endogenous ligands at the orphan G-protein coupled receptor, APJ. Apelin and its receptor have been found in the brainstem and shown to have a role in haemodynamic homeostasis when injected intravenously. The physiological role of this peptide and its receptor centrally are yet to be elucidated. In this study, urethane anaesthetised, paralysed and ventilated male Sprague-Dawley rats (350-450 g, n=4) were used to investigate the action of apelin-13 microinjected directly into the nucleus tractus solitarius (NTS) and the rostral ventrolateral medulla (RVLM) on arterial pressure and phrenic nerve activity. Apelin-13 microinjections (4 mmol/l, 50 nl) into the NTS resulted in either apnea or decreased phrenic nerve discharge amplitude by up to 30%. In the RVLM, apelin-13 caused either a 100-200% increase, or a 10-30% increase in phrenic nerve discharge amplitude depending on the exact site of injection. Increases of 10-20 mm Hg in arterial pressure were also evoked from both the NTS and the RVLM. These data suggest a role for apelin-13 in arterial pressure and respiratory control in the NTS and the RVLM.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)32-38
Number of pages7
JournalAutonomic Neuroscience: Basic and Clinical
Issue number1-2
Publication statusPublished - 31 Oct 2002
Externally publishedYes


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