Generation of hydroxyl radicals by the Fenton reaction resulted in lipid peroxidation of linoleic acid (LA) (H2O2-Fe2+-induced lipid peroxidation) in positively charged tetradecyltrimethylammonium bromide (TTAB) micelles, but not in negatively charged sodium dodecyl sulfate (SDS) micelles. However, more OH radicals formed via the Fenton reaction were trapped by N-t-butyl-α-phenylnitrone (PBN) in SDS micelles than in TTAB micelles. When detergent-dispersed LA was contaminated with linoleic acid hydroperoxide (LOOH), lipid peroxidation was catalyzed by Fe2+ via reductive cleavage of LOOH (LOOHFe2+-induced lipid peroxidation), and Fe2+ was oxidized simultaneously in SDS micelles, even when H2O2 was not present. In contrast, LOOHFe2+-induced lipid peroxidation and simultaneous oxidation of Fe2+ were not observed in TTAB micelles. An ESR spectrum presumed to be due to an alkoxy radical trapped by PBN was also detected in SDS micelles, but not in TTAB micelles in the LOOHFe2+-induced lipid peroxidation system. The results are discussed in the light of the localization of iron, the unsaturated bonding moiety of LA, the OOH-group of LOOH, and the trapping site of PBN in different charged micelles.