Skilled speechreading

A single‐case study

BJÖRN LYXELL*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

22 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

In a case study the cognitive characteristics of a skilled visual speechreader (SJ) was examined and compared to a control group. SJ is a 56 year old woman, skilled in visual speechreading. She differs from most of the 119 individuals in the control group, as she uses a particular speechreading strategy in which she attempts to repeat overtly each spoken word as soon as it has been uttered, and to summarize and fill in missing pieces of information whenever it is possible (e.g., during pauses) during the conversation. SJ outperformed the control group on three types of tasks; a reading span task, performance in the asymptote level in the serial position curve, and verbal inference‐making. SJ's results were discussed with respect to (a) how they relate to the general case (i.e., models based on group‐data) and to (b) her speechreading strategy. From a clinical perspective it was suggested that it might be possible to practice the strategy as such, but any possible improvement is dependent on the individual's capability to process information in this way.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)212-219
Number of pages8
JournalScandinavian Journal of Psychology
Volume35
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1994

Keywords

  • cognitive characteristics
  • skill
  • Speechreading
  • strategy

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