Skittish, shielded, and scared

relations among behavioral inhibition, overprotective parenting, and anxiety in native and non-native Dutch preschool children

Leonie J. Vreeke*, Peter Muris, Birgit Mayer, Jorg Huijding, Ronald M. Rapee

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

15 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

This study examined behavioral inhibition and overprotective parenting as correlates and predictors of anxiety disorder symptoms in preschoolers with a multi-cultural background (N=168). Parents of 3- to 6-year-old children completed a set of questionnaires twice, 12 months apart. Parents were also interviewed with the Anxiety Disorders Interview Schedule for DSM-IV at the 12-month point to assess the clinical severity of children's anxiety symptoms. Behavioral inhibition consistently emerged as a significant concurrent correlate of anxiety symptoms and this was particularly true for social anxiety symptoms. Overprotective parenting also emerged as a significant correlate of anxiety, but only in the case of non-social anxiety symptoms and mainly in non-native Dutch children. Prospective analyses revealed that behavioral inhibition was a significant predictor of social anxiety symptoms, while overprotective parenting did not explain significant variance in the development of children's anxiety over time. The support for an interactive effect of behavioral inhibition and overprotective parenting was unconvincing. Finally, it was found that children who exhibited stable high levels of behavioral inhibition throughout the study ran the greatest risk for developing an anxiety disorder.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)703-710
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of Anxiety Disorders
Volume27
Issue number7
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Oct 2013

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