Slab melt metasomatism recorded in ultramafic xenoliths from Cerro del Fraile (Argentina)

Barbara Faccini, M. Coltorti, Costanza Bonadiman, M. Gregoire, Franca Siena

Research output: Contribution to journalMeeting abstractpeer-review


Ultramafic xenoliths found in Quaternary volcanics at Cerro del Fraile, close to the main Austral Volcanic Zone (AVZ), represent fragments of the mantle wedge above a subducting plate, thus providing material for studying the interaction between metasomatizing slab melts and peridotite. They consist of protogranular lherzolites, harzburgites and plagioclase-bearing orthopyroxenites (opxtes). Primary cpx of peridotites (cpx1) have mg# ranging from 88.5 to 93.6 wt% and their TiO2 content is low, whereas cpx in opxtes have lower mg# and higher Al2O3 and TiO2. Based on trace element contents cpx1 can be divided into two groups. Group1 has convex HREE patterns, (La/Yb)N spanning from 0.05 to 4.04 and an increasing positive Zr-Hf anomaly. Group2 has lower HREE [(La/Yb)N:1.83-14.2], high Th and U contents, wide Zr- Hf positive anomalies and a huge Ti through. Peridotitic opx have mg# and Al2O3 respectively higher and lower with respect to opx in opxtes. Two types can be recognized: the first is characterised by fractionated HREE, a negative Sr anomaly and flat LREE. The second one, at similar HREE values, is enriched in LREE. Opx of opxtes are different, with flat REE pattern at 1xCh and higher Sr and Ti contents.

Calculated melts in equilibrium with cpx and opx of opxtes closely resemble the adakitic magmas erupted in the AVZ.

The geochemical characteristics of peridotite xenoliths indicate that they interacted with a Si-Al-rich slab-related magma. The melt hybridized with peridotites, causing LREE enrichment in both pyroxenes and the increase in Zr-Hf abundances in cpx1. On the other hand opxtes represent the fractionation products of this melt.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)A349-A349
Number of pages1
JournalGeochimica et Cosmochimica Acta
Issue number13, Supplemet
Publication statusPublished - Jun 2009
Externally publishedYes
EventGoldschmidt Conference (19th : 2009) - Davos, Switzerland
Duration: 21 Jun 200926 Jun 2009


Dive into the research topics of 'Slab melt metasomatism recorded in ultramafic xenoliths from Cerro del Fraile (Argentina)'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this