Social cognitive theory of gender development and differentiation

Kay Bussey, Albert Bandura*

*Corresponding author for this work

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

    992 Citations (Scopus)

    Abstract

    Human differentiation on the basis of gender is a fundamental phenomenon that affects virtually every aspect of people's daily lives. This article presents the social cognitive theory of gender role development and functioning. It specifies how gender conceptions are constructed from the complex mix of experiences and how they operate in concert with motivational and self-regulatory mechanisms to guide gender-linked conduct throughout the life course. The theory integrates psychological and sociostructural determinants within a unified conceptual structure. In this theoretical perspective, gender conceptions and roles are the product of a broad network of social influences operating interdependently in a variety of societal subsystems. Human evolution provides bodily structures and biological potentialities that permit a range of possibilities rather than dictate a fixed type of gender differentiation. People contribute to their self-development and bring about social changes that define and structure gender relationships through their agentic actions within the interrelated systems of influence.

    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)676-713
    Number of pages38
    JournalPsychological Review
    Volume106
    Issue number4
    Publication statusPublished - Oct 1999

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