Social–environmental drivers inform strategic management of coral reefs in the Anthropocene

Emily S. Darling, Tim R. McClanahan, Joseph Maina, Georgina G. Gurney, Nicholas A.J. Graham, Fraser Januchowski-Hartley, Joshua E. Cinner, Camilo Mora, Christina C. Hicks, Eva Maire, Marji Puotinen, William J. Skirving, Mehdi Adjeroud, Gabby Ahmadia, Rohan Arthur, Andrew G. Bauman, Maria Beger, Michael L. Berumen, Lionel Bigot, Jessica Bouwmeester & 60 others Ambroise Brenier, Tom C. L. Bridge, Eric Brown, Stuart J. Campbell, Sara Cannon, Bruce Cauvin, Chaolun Allen Chen, Joachim Claudet, Vianney Denis, Simon Donner, Estradivari, Nur Fadli, David A. Feary, Douglas Fenner, Helen Fox, Erik C. Franklin, Alan Friedlander, James Gilmour, Claire Goiran, James Guest, Jean-Paul A. Hobbs, Andrew S. Hoey, Peter Houk, Steven Johnson, Stacy D. Jupiter, Mohsen Kayal, Chao-yang Kuo, Joleah Lamb, Michelle A. C. Lee, Jeffrey Low, Nyawira Muthiga, Efin Muttaqin, Yashika Nand, Kirsty L. Nash, Osamu Nedlic, John M. Pandolfi, Shinta Pardede, Vardhan Patankar, Lucie Penin, Lauriane Ribas-Deulofeu, Zoe Richards, T. Edward Roberts, Ku’ulei S. Rodgers, Che Din Mohd Safuan, Enric Sala, George Shedrawi, Tsai Min Sin, Patrick Smallhorn-West, Jennifer E. Smith, Brigitte Sommer, Peter D. Steinberg, Makamas Sutthacheep, Chun Hong James Tan, Gareth J. Williams, Shaun Wilson, Thamasak Yeemin, John F. Bruno, Marie-Josée Fortin, Martin Krkosek, David Mouillot

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

Abstract

Without drastic efforts to reduce carbon emissions and mitigate globalized stressors, tropical coral reefs are in jeopardy. Strategic conservation and management requires identification of the environmental and socioeconomic factors driving the persistence of scleractinian coral assemblages—the foundation species of coral reef ecosystems. Here, we compiled coral abundance data from 2,584 Indo-Pacific reefs to evaluate the influence of 21 climate, social and environmental drivers on the ecology of reef coral assemblages. Higher abundances of framework-building corals were typically associated with: weaker thermal disturbances and longer intervals for potential recovery; slower human population growth; reduced access by human settlements and markets; and less nearby agriculture. We therefore propose a framework of three management strategies (protect, recover or transform) by considering: (1) if reefs were above or below a proposed threshold of >10% cover of the coral taxa important for structural complexity and carbonate production; and (2) reef exposure to severe thermal stress during the 2014–2017 global coral bleaching event. Our findings can guide urgent management efforts for coral reefs, by identifying key threats across multiple scales and strategic policy priorities that might sustain a network of functioning reefs in the Indo-Pacific to avoid ecosystem collapse.

LanguageEnglish
Pages1341-1350
Number of pages10
JournalNature Ecology and Evolution
Volume3
Early online date12 Aug 2019
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Sep 2019

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coral reefs
coral reef
reefs
coral
reef
corals
coral bleaching
human settlements
socioeconomic factors
ecosystems
ecosystem
thermal stress
human settlement
carbon emission
human population
carbonates
population growth
environmental factor
transform
persistence

Cite this

Darling, E. S., McClanahan, T. R., Maina, J., Gurney, G. G., Graham, N. A. J., Januchowski-Hartley, F., ... Mouillot, D. (2019). Social–environmental drivers inform strategic management of coral reefs in the Anthropocene. Nature Ecology and Evolution, 3, 1341-1350. https://doi.org/10.1038/s41559-019-0953-8
Darling, Emily S. ; McClanahan, Tim R. ; Maina, Joseph ; Gurney, Georgina G. ; Graham, Nicholas A.J. ; Januchowski-Hartley, Fraser ; Cinner, Joshua E. ; Mora, Camilo ; Hicks, Christina C. ; Maire, Eva ; Puotinen, Marji ; Skirving, William J. ; Adjeroud, Mehdi ; Ahmadia, Gabby ; Arthur, Rohan ; Bauman, Andrew G. ; Beger, Maria ; Berumen, Michael L. ; Bigot, Lionel ; Bouwmeester, Jessica ; Brenier, Ambroise ; Bridge, Tom C. L. ; Brown, Eric ; Campbell, Stuart J. ; Cannon, Sara ; Cauvin, Bruce ; Chen, Chaolun Allen ; Claudet, Joachim ; Denis, Vianney ; Donner, Simon ; Estradivari ; Fadli, Nur ; Feary, David A. ; Fenner, Douglas ; Fox, Helen ; Franklin, Erik C. ; Friedlander, Alan ; Gilmour, James ; Goiran, Claire ; Guest, James ; Hobbs, Jean-Paul A. ; Hoey, Andrew S. ; Houk, Peter ; Johnson, Steven ; Jupiter, Stacy D. ; Kayal, Mohsen ; Kuo, Chao-yang ; Lamb, Joleah ; Lee, Michelle A. C. ; Low, Jeffrey ; Muthiga, Nyawira ; Muttaqin, Efin ; Nand, Yashika ; Nash, Kirsty L. ; Nedlic, Osamu ; Pandolfi, John M. ; Pardede, Shinta ; Patankar, Vardhan ; Penin, Lucie ; Ribas-Deulofeu, Lauriane ; Richards, Zoe ; Roberts, T. Edward ; Rodgers, Ku’ulei S. ; Safuan, Che Din Mohd ; Sala, Enric ; Shedrawi, George ; Sin, Tsai Min ; Smallhorn-West, Patrick ; Smith, Jennifer E. ; Sommer, Brigitte ; Steinberg, Peter D. ; Sutthacheep, Makamas ; Tan, Chun Hong James ; Williams, Gareth J. ; Wilson, Shaun ; Yeemin, Thamasak ; Bruno, John F. ; Fortin, Marie-Josée ; Krkosek, Martin ; Mouillot, David. / Social–environmental drivers inform strategic management of coral reefs in the Anthropocene. In: Nature Ecology and Evolution. 2019 ; Vol. 3. pp. 1341-1350.
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abstract = "Without drastic efforts to reduce carbon emissions and mitigate globalized stressors, tropical coral reefs are in jeopardy. Strategic conservation and management requires identification of the environmental and socioeconomic factors driving the persistence of scleractinian coral assemblages—the foundation species of coral reef ecosystems. Here, we compiled coral abundance data from 2,584 Indo-Pacific reefs to evaluate the influence of 21 climate, social and environmental drivers on the ecology of reef coral assemblages. Higher abundances of framework-building corals were typically associated with: weaker thermal disturbances and longer intervals for potential recovery; slower human population growth; reduced access by human settlements and markets; and less nearby agriculture. We therefore propose a framework of three management strategies (protect, recover or transform) by considering: (1) if reefs were above or below a proposed threshold of >10{\%} cover of the coral taxa important for structural complexity and carbonate production; and (2) reef exposure to severe thermal stress during the 2014–2017 global coral bleaching event. Our findings can guide urgent management efforts for coral reefs, by identifying key threats across multiple scales and strategic policy priorities that might sustain a network of functioning reefs in the Indo-Pacific to avoid ecosystem collapse.",
author = "Darling, {Emily S.} and McClanahan, {Tim R.} and Joseph Maina and Gurney, {Georgina G.} and Graham, {Nicholas A.J.} and Fraser Januchowski-Hartley and Cinner, {Joshua E.} and Camilo Mora and Hicks, {Christina C.} and Eva Maire and Marji Puotinen and Skirving, {William J.} and Mehdi Adjeroud and Gabby Ahmadia and Rohan Arthur and Bauman, {Andrew G.} and Maria Beger and Berumen, {Michael L.} and Lionel Bigot and Jessica Bouwmeester and Ambroise Brenier and Bridge, {Tom C. L.} and Eric Brown and Campbell, {Stuart J.} and Sara Cannon and Bruce Cauvin and Chen, {Chaolun Allen} and Joachim Claudet and Vianney Denis and Simon Donner and Estradivari and Nur Fadli and Feary, {David A.} and Douglas Fenner and Helen Fox and Franklin, {Erik C.} and Alan Friedlander and James Gilmour and Claire Goiran and James Guest and Hobbs, {Jean-Paul A.} and Hoey, {Andrew S.} and Peter Houk and Steven Johnson and Jupiter, {Stacy D.} and Mohsen Kayal and Chao-yang Kuo and Joleah Lamb and Lee, {Michelle A. C.} and Jeffrey Low and Nyawira Muthiga and Efin Muttaqin and Yashika Nand and Nash, {Kirsty L.} and Osamu Nedlic and Pandolfi, {John M.} and Shinta Pardede and Vardhan Patankar and Lucie Penin and Lauriane Ribas-Deulofeu and Zoe Richards and Roberts, {T. Edward} and Rodgers, {Ku’ulei S.} and Safuan, {Che Din Mohd} and Enric Sala and George Shedrawi and Sin, {Tsai Min} and Patrick Smallhorn-West and Smith, {Jennifer E.} and Brigitte Sommer and Steinberg, {Peter D.} and Makamas Sutthacheep and Tan, {Chun Hong James} and Williams, {Gareth J.} and Shaun Wilson and Thamasak Yeemin and Bruno, {John F.} and Marie-Jos{\'e}e Fortin and Martin Krkosek and David Mouillot",
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Darling, ES, McClanahan, TR, Maina, J, Gurney, GG, Graham, NAJ, Januchowski-Hartley, F, Cinner, JE, Mora, C, Hicks, CC, Maire, E, Puotinen, M, Skirving, WJ, Adjeroud, M, Ahmadia, G, Arthur, R, Bauman, AG, Beger, M, Berumen, ML, Bigot, L, Bouwmeester, J, Brenier, A, Bridge, TCL, Brown, E, Campbell, SJ, Cannon, S, Cauvin, B, Chen, CA, Claudet, J, Denis, V, Donner, S, Estradivari, Fadli, N, Feary, DA, Fenner, D, Fox, H, Franklin, EC, Friedlander, A, Gilmour, J, Goiran, C, Guest, J, Hobbs, J-PA, Hoey, AS, Houk, P, Johnson, S, Jupiter, SD, Kayal, M, Kuo, C, Lamb, J, Lee, MAC, Low, J, Muthiga, N, Muttaqin, E, Nand, Y, Nash, KL, Nedlic, O, Pandolfi, JM, Pardede, S, Patankar, V, Penin, L, Ribas-Deulofeu, L, Richards, Z, Roberts, TE, Rodgers, KS, Safuan, CDM, Sala, E, Shedrawi, G, Sin, TM, Smallhorn-West, P, Smith, JE, Sommer, B, Steinberg, PD, Sutthacheep, M, Tan, CHJ, Williams, GJ, Wilson, S, Yeemin, T, Bruno, JF, Fortin, M-J, Krkosek, M & Mouillot, D 2019, 'Social–environmental drivers inform strategic management of coral reefs in the Anthropocene' Nature Ecology and Evolution, vol. 3, pp. 1341-1350. https://doi.org/10.1038/s41559-019-0953-8

Social–environmental drivers inform strategic management of coral reefs in the Anthropocene. / Darling, Emily S.; McClanahan, Tim R.; Maina, Joseph; Gurney, Georgina G.; Graham, Nicholas A.J.; Januchowski-Hartley, Fraser; Cinner, Joshua E.; Mora, Camilo; Hicks, Christina C.; Maire, Eva; Puotinen, Marji; Skirving, William J.; Adjeroud, Mehdi; Ahmadia, Gabby; Arthur, Rohan; Bauman, Andrew G.; Beger, Maria; Berumen, Michael L.; Bigot, Lionel; Bouwmeester, Jessica; Brenier, Ambroise; Bridge, Tom C. L.; Brown, Eric; Campbell, Stuart J.; Cannon, Sara; Cauvin, Bruce; Chen, Chaolun Allen; Claudet, Joachim; Denis, Vianney; Donner, Simon; Estradivari; Fadli, Nur; Feary, David A.; Fenner, Douglas; Fox, Helen; Franklin, Erik C.; Friedlander, Alan; Gilmour, James; Goiran, Claire; Guest, James; Hobbs, Jean-Paul A.; Hoey, Andrew S.; Houk, Peter; Johnson, Steven; Jupiter, Stacy D.; Kayal, Mohsen; Kuo, Chao-yang; Lamb, Joleah; Lee, Michelle A. C.; Low, Jeffrey; Muthiga, Nyawira; Muttaqin, Efin; Nand, Yashika; Nash, Kirsty L.; Nedlic, Osamu; Pandolfi, John M.; Pardede, Shinta; Patankar, Vardhan; Penin, Lucie; Ribas-Deulofeu, Lauriane; Richards, Zoe; Roberts, T. Edward; Rodgers, Ku’ulei S.; Safuan, Che Din Mohd; Sala, Enric; Shedrawi, George; Sin, Tsai Min; Smallhorn-West, Patrick; Smith, Jennifer E.; Sommer, Brigitte; Steinberg, Peter D.; Sutthacheep, Makamas; Tan, Chun Hong James; Williams, Gareth J.; Wilson, Shaun; Yeemin, Thamasak; Bruno, John F.; Fortin, Marie-Josée; Krkosek, Martin; Mouillot, David.

In: Nature Ecology and Evolution, Vol. 3, 09.2019, p. 1341-1350.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

TY - JOUR

T1 - Social–environmental drivers inform strategic management of coral reefs in the Anthropocene

AU - Darling,Emily S.

AU - McClanahan,Tim R.

AU - Maina,Joseph

AU - Gurney,Georgina G.

AU - Graham,Nicholas A.J.

AU - Januchowski-Hartley,Fraser

AU - Cinner,Joshua E.

AU - Mora,Camilo

AU - Hicks,Christina C.

AU - Maire,Eva

AU - Puotinen,Marji

AU - Skirving,William J.

AU - Adjeroud,Mehdi

AU - Ahmadia,Gabby

AU - Arthur,Rohan

AU - Bauman,Andrew G.

AU - Beger,Maria

AU - Berumen,Michael L.

AU - Bigot,Lionel

AU - Bouwmeester,Jessica

AU - Brenier,Ambroise

AU - Bridge,Tom C. L.

AU - Brown,Eric

AU - Campbell,Stuart J.

AU - Cannon,Sara

AU - Cauvin,Bruce

AU - Chen,Chaolun Allen

AU - Claudet,Joachim

AU - Denis,Vianney

AU - Donner,Simon

AU - Estradivari,

AU - Fadli,Nur

AU - Feary,David A.

AU - Fenner,Douglas

AU - Fox,Helen

AU - Franklin,Erik C.

AU - Friedlander,Alan

AU - Gilmour,James

AU - Goiran,Claire

AU - Guest,James

AU - Hobbs,Jean-Paul A.

AU - Hoey,Andrew S.

AU - Houk,Peter

AU - Johnson,Steven

AU - Jupiter,Stacy D.

AU - Kayal,Mohsen

AU - Kuo,Chao-yang

AU - Lamb,Joleah

AU - Lee,Michelle A. C.

AU - Low,Jeffrey

AU - Muthiga,Nyawira

AU - Muttaqin,Efin

AU - Nand,Yashika

AU - Nash,Kirsty L.

AU - Nedlic,Osamu

AU - Pandolfi,John M.

AU - Pardede,Shinta

AU - Patankar,Vardhan

AU - Penin,Lucie

AU - Ribas-Deulofeu,Lauriane

AU - Richards,Zoe

AU - Roberts,T. Edward

AU - Rodgers,Ku’ulei S.

AU - Safuan,Che Din Mohd

AU - Sala,Enric

AU - Shedrawi,George

AU - Sin,Tsai Min

AU - Smallhorn-West,Patrick

AU - Smith,Jennifer E.

AU - Sommer,Brigitte

AU - Steinberg,Peter D.

AU - Sutthacheep,Makamas

AU - Tan,Chun Hong James

AU - Williams,Gareth J.

AU - Wilson,Shaun

AU - Yeemin,Thamasak

AU - Bruno,John F.

AU - Fortin,Marie-Josée

AU - Krkosek,Martin

AU - Mouillot,David

PY - 2019/9

Y1 - 2019/9

N2 - Without drastic efforts to reduce carbon emissions and mitigate globalized stressors, tropical coral reefs are in jeopardy. Strategic conservation and management requires identification of the environmental and socioeconomic factors driving the persistence of scleractinian coral assemblages—the foundation species of coral reef ecosystems. Here, we compiled coral abundance data from 2,584 Indo-Pacific reefs to evaluate the influence of 21 climate, social and environmental drivers on the ecology of reef coral assemblages. Higher abundances of framework-building corals were typically associated with: weaker thermal disturbances and longer intervals for potential recovery; slower human population growth; reduced access by human settlements and markets; and less nearby agriculture. We therefore propose a framework of three management strategies (protect, recover or transform) by considering: (1) if reefs were above or below a proposed threshold of >10% cover of the coral taxa important for structural complexity and carbonate production; and (2) reef exposure to severe thermal stress during the 2014–2017 global coral bleaching event. Our findings can guide urgent management efforts for coral reefs, by identifying key threats across multiple scales and strategic policy priorities that might sustain a network of functioning reefs in the Indo-Pacific to avoid ecosystem collapse.

AB - Without drastic efforts to reduce carbon emissions and mitigate globalized stressors, tropical coral reefs are in jeopardy. Strategic conservation and management requires identification of the environmental and socioeconomic factors driving the persistence of scleractinian coral assemblages—the foundation species of coral reef ecosystems. Here, we compiled coral abundance data from 2,584 Indo-Pacific reefs to evaluate the influence of 21 climate, social and environmental drivers on the ecology of reef coral assemblages. Higher abundances of framework-building corals were typically associated with: weaker thermal disturbances and longer intervals for potential recovery; slower human population growth; reduced access by human settlements and markets; and less nearby agriculture. We therefore propose a framework of three management strategies (protect, recover or transform) by considering: (1) if reefs were above or below a proposed threshold of >10% cover of the coral taxa important for structural complexity and carbonate production; and (2) reef exposure to severe thermal stress during the 2014–2017 global coral bleaching event. Our findings can guide urgent management efforts for coral reefs, by identifying key threats across multiple scales and strategic policy priorities that might sustain a network of functioning reefs in the Indo-Pacific to avoid ecosystem collapse.

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