Sodium dodecyl sulphate modulates the fibrillation of human serum albumin in a dose-dependent manner and impacts the PC12 cells retraction

Sina Movaghati, Ali Akbar Moosavi-Movahedi*, Fariba Khodagholi, Hadi Digaleh, Ehsan Kachooei, Nader Sheibani

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

18 Citations (Scopus)


Protein aggregation is impacted by many factors including temperature, pH, and the presence of surfactants, electrolytes, and metal ions. The addition of sodium dodecyl sulphate (SDS) at different concentrations may play a significant role in the human serum albumin (HSA) fibrillation pathway. Here the heat induction of HSA fibrillation incubated with different concentrations of SDS was evaluated using a variety of techniques. These included ThT fluorescence, Congo red absorbance, circular dichroism, dynamic light scattering, and atomic force microscopy (AFM). To explore HSA surface properties, the surface tension of solutions was measured using Du Noüy Ring method tensiometry. In addition, the criteria of neurite outgrowth and complexity were monitored by exposing PC12 cells to different forms of HSA amyloid intermediates. ThT fluorescence kinetic studies indicated that SDS at low concentrations induced more fibrillation of HSA, while SDS at high concentrations inhibited the fibrillation of HSA. At higher SDS concentrations hydrophobic forces had a significant role whereas at lower SDS concentrations electrostatic forces were dominant. The cell culture studies demonstrated the significant impact of SDS concentration on HSA fibrillation and subsequent neuronal cell morphology. The HSA incubated with low concentrations of SDS inhibited neurite outgrowth and complexity of the PC12 cells, whereas high concentrations of SDS had lesser effect. Thus, SDS acts as a salt at lower concentrations, while at higher concentrations acts as a chaperon, with significant impact on fibrillation of HSA.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)341-349
Number of pages9
JournalColloids and Surfaces B: Biointerfaces
Publication statusPublished - 1 Oct 2014
Externally publishedYes


  • Fibrillation
  • Sodium dodecyl sulphate
  • Human serum albumin
  • Surface tension
  • Neuron-like PC12 cells


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