Solar cell efficiency tables (version 49)

Martin A. Green*, Keith Emery, Yoshihiro Hishikawa, Wilhelm Warta, Ewan D. Dunlop, Dean H. Levi, Anita W. Y. Ho-Baillie

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

589 Citations (Scopus)


Consolidated tables showing an extensive listing of the highest independently confirmed efficiencies for solar cells and modules are presented. Guidelines for inclusion of results into these tables are outlined, and new entries since June 2016 are reviewed.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)3-13
Number of pages11
JournalProgress in Photovoltaics: Research and Applications
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - Jan 2017
Externally publishedYes

Bibliographical note

Corrigendum exists for this article and can be found in Progress in Photovoltaics, 25(4), pp.333-334, doi: 10.1002/pip.2876


  • solar cell efficiency
  • photovoltaic efficiency
  • energy conversion efficiency


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