Some Effects of Exposure to a Heat Stressor upon the Rat’s Subsequent Reactions to that Stressor

J. D. Greeley, R. F. Westbrook

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

    23 Citations (Scopus)

    Abstract

    In six experiments, rats were placed on a heated plate on two occasions (test and retest), and the latencies with which they licked their paws were taken as an index of their sensitivity to nociceptive stimulation. Experiment 1 provided evidence that rats were selectively analgesic on retest depending upon the intensity of the heat experienced on the initial test. Experiment 2 showed that this analgesia was recruited rapidly and was long-lasting, as it was observed when retest was scheduled as early as 0.2 and as late as 48 h after the initial exposure to the hot-plate. Experiment 3 documented a role for conditioning processes, as this analgesia was removed by an extinction-like procedure conducted between test and retest. Experiments 4 and 5 provided evidence for a non-opioid mechanism of pain control, because the analgesia was not diminished by the opioid antagonist, naloxone, nor by a history of morphine injections. These experiments also revealed that the analgesia observed on retest was enhanced and reduced when rats were given naloxone and morphine, respectively, on the initial test. Finally, Experiment 6 showed that the analgesia on retest summated with that produced by morphine. The results were taken to mean that the hot-plate assay for analgesia can itself activate endogenous mechanisms of pain control, and some speculations were offered as to how this occurred.

    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)241-265
    Number of pages25
    JournalQuarterly Journal of Experimental Psychology Section B: Comparative and Physiological Psychology
    Volume42
    Issue number3
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - 1 Aug 1990

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